• A
  • A
  • A
  • ABC
  • ABC
  • ABC
  • А
  • А
  • А
  • А
  • А
Regular version of the site

Article

Reflective modular forms and applications

Russian Mathematical Surveys. 2018. Vol. 73. No. 5. P. 797-864.
Translator: V. Gritsenko.

The reflective modular forms of orthogonal type are fundamental automorphic objects generalizing the classical Dedekind eta-function. This article describes two methods for constructing such modular forms in terms of Jacobi forms: automorphic products and Jacobi lifting. In particular, it is proved that the first non-zero Fourier–Jacobi coefficient of the Borcherds modular form Φ12 (the generating function of the so-called Fake Monster Lie Algebra) in any of the 23 one-dimensional cusps coincides with the Kac–Weyl denominator function of the affine algebra of the root system of the corresponding Niemeier lattice. This article gives a new simple construction of the automorphic discriminant of the moduli space of Enriques surfaces as a Jacobi lifting of the product of eight theta-functions and considers three towers of reflective modular forms. One of them, the tower of D8, gives a solution to a problem of Yoshikawa (2009) concerning the construction of Lorentzian Kac–Moody algebras from the automorphic discriminants connected with del Pezzo surfaces and analytic torsions of Calabi–Yau manifolds. The article also formulates some conditions on sublattices, making it possible to produce families of ‘daughter’ reflective forms from a fixed modular form. As a result, nearly 100 such functions are constructed here. Bibliography: 77 titles.