Graphs of totally geodesic foliations on pseudo-Riemannian manifolds
We study totally geodesic foliations (M, F) of arbitrary codimension q on n-dimensional pseudo-Riemannian manifolds, for which the induced metrics on leaves is nondegenerate.
We assume that the q-dimensional orthogonal distribution M to (M, F) is an
Ehresmann connection for this foliation. Since the usual graph G(F) is not Hausdorff
manifold in general, we study the graph GM(F) of the foliation with an Ehresmann
connection M introduced early by the author. This graph is always a Hausdorff manifold.
We prove that on the graph GM(F), a pseudo-Riemannian metric is defined, with respect to
which the induced foliation and the simple foliations formed by the leaves of the canonical
projections are totally geodesic. We show that the leaves of the induced foliation on the
graph are non-degenerately reducible pseudo-Riemannian manifolds and their structure
is described. The application to parallel foliations on nondegenerately reducible pseudo-
Riemannian manifolds is considered. We also show that each foliation defined by the
suspension of a homomorphism of the fundamental group of a pseudo-Riemannian manifold
belongs to the considered class of foliations.
We consider a Cartan foliation (M,F) of an arbitrary codimension q admitting an Ehresmann connection such that all leaves of (M,F) are embedded submanifolds of M. We prove that for any foliation (M,F) there exists an open, not necessarily connected, saturated, and everywhere dense subset M0 of M and a manifold L0 such that the induced foliation (M0, FM0) is formed by the fibers of a locally trivial fibration with the standard fiber L0 over (possibly, non-Hausdorff) smooth q-dimensional manifold. In the case of codimension 1, the induced foliation on each connected component of the manifold M0 is formed by the fibers of a locally trivial fibration over a circle or over a line.
Complete transversely affine foliations are studied. The strong transversal equivalence of complete affine foliations is investigated, which is a more refined notion than the transverse equivalence of foliations in the sense of Molino. A global holonomy group of a complete affine foliations is determined and it is proved that this group is the complete invariant of the foliation relatively strong transversal equivalence. A representative of an arbitrary equivalence class is constructed on its complete invariant. This representative is a twodimensional complete transversely affine foliation (𝑀, 𝐹), where 𝑀 is the space of Elenberg- McLane of the type 𝐾(𝜋, 1).
For any smooth orbifold $\mathcal N$ is constructed a foliated model, which is a foliation with an Ehresmann, the leaf space of which is the same as $\mathcal N$. We investigate the relationship relationship between some properties of orbifold and its foliated model. The article discusses the application to Cartan orbifolds, that is orbifolds endowed with Cartan geometry.
A model for organizing cargo transportation between two node stations connected by a railway line which contains a certain number of intermediate stations is considered. The movement of cargo is in one direction. Such a situation may occur, for example, if one of the node stations is located in a region which produce raw material for manufacturing industry located in another region, and there is another node station. The organization of freight traﬃc is performed by means of a number of technologies. These technologies determine the rules for taking on cargo at the initial node station, the rules of interaction between neighboring stations, as well as the rule of distribution of cargo to the ﬁnal node stations. The process of cargo transportation is followed by the set rule of control. For such a model, one must determine possible modes of cargo transportation and describe their properties. This model is described by a ﬁnite-dimensional system of diﬀerential equations with nonlocal linear restrictions. The class of the solution satisfying nonlocal linear restrictions is extremely narrow. It results in the need for the “correct” extension of solutions of a system of diﬀerential equations to a class of quasi-solutions having the distinctive feature of gaps in a countable number of points. It was possible numerically using the Runge–Kutta method of the fourth order to build these quasi-solutions and determine their rate of growth. Let us note that in the technical plan the main complexity consisted in obtaining quasi-solutions satisfying the nonlocal linear restrictions. Furthermore, we investigated the dependence of quasi-solutions and, in particular, sizes of gaps (jumps) of solutions on a number of parameters of the model characterizing a rule of control, technologies for transportation of cargo and intensity of giving of cargo on a node station.
Let k be a field of characteristic zero, let G be a connected reductive algebraic group over k and let g be its Lie algebra. Let k(G), respectively, k(g), be the field of k- rational functions on G, respectively, g. The conjugation action of G on itself induces the adjoint action of G on g. We investigate the question whether or not the field extensions k(G)/k(G)^G and k(g)/k(g)^G are purely transcendental. We show that the answer is the same for k(G)/k(G)^G and k(g)/k(g)^G, and reduce the problem to the case where G is simple. For simple groups we show that the answer is positive if G is split of type A_n or C_n, and negative for groups of other types, except possibly G_2. A key ingredient in the proof of the negative result is a recent formula for the unramified Brauer group of a homogeneous space with connected stabilizers. As a byproduct of our investigation we give an affirmative answer to a question of Grothendieck about the existence of a rational section of the categorical quotient morphism for the conjugating action of G on itself.
Let G be a connected semisimple algebraic group over an algebraically closed field k. In 1965 Steinberg proved that if G is simply connected, then in G there exists a closed irreducible cross-section of the set of closures of regular conjugacy classes. We prove that in arbitrary G such a cross-section exists if and only if the universal covering isogeny Ĝ → G is bijective; this answers Grothendieck's question cited in the epigraph. In particular, for char k = 0, the converse to Steinberg's theorem holds. The existence of a cross-section in G implies, at least for char k = 0, that the algebra k[G]G of class functions on G is generated by rk G elements. We describe, for arbitrary G, a minimal generating set of k[G]G and that of the representation ring of G and answer two Grothendieck's questions on constructing generating sets of k[G]G. We prove the existence of a rational (i.e., local) section of the quotient morphism for arbitrary G and the existence of a rational cross-section in G (for char k = 0, this has been proved earlier); this answers the other question cited in the epigraph. We also prove that the existence of a rational section is equivalent to the existence of a rational W-equivariant map T- - - >G/T where T is a maximal torus of G and W the Weyl group.