Technological catch-up by east Asian firms: Trends, issues, and future research agenda
This paper reviews extant research on technological catch-up of East Asian firms, which has recently emerged as an important issue. We review 76 articles on technological catch-up in the East Asian context published in 17 journals over 23 years (1995–2017), covering the academic disciplines of strategic management, international business, entrepreneurship, technology and innovation management, and economics. Based on a systematic analysis of this literature, we develop an overarching framework to this topic. We then identify the major gaps in the literature and suggest areas for future research on technological catch-up of Asian firms.
This collection of original research papers considers urgent social policy issues in East Asian countries in the recent 30 years. Among the topics covered are social policy, social inequality, social work, social management, demography. The main purpose of these works is to better understand the contemporary state of affairs and developmeng of social sector in East Asia.
The chapter is dedicated to the development of inernational relations in the regions of East Asia
The author shows great role of imitation in constructing of political representation at different centres of power belonging to the same cultural region. The most authoritative and best legitimised centres "produced" symbolic forms, that were eagerly adopted, borrowed or usurped by "imitators" from periphery. The dynamic of dessimanation of such symbolic forms reveals the main vectors of cultural dependance.
The article presents the basic theory of selectorate as one of the trends of modern political-economic analysis of different political regimes and their replacement. It demonstrates the penetration of the principles of economic analysis into political science. Unlike other theories of autocracies and democracies, the selectorate theory can explain regime changes by endogenous forces, without attributing the utility function to the leaders or ignoring the presence of political competition..
At the age of 12-24 months, infants are actively interested in objects used by adult, despite the number of experienced difficulties in achieving their goals. What is making the child attempt to handle an object for designated purpose while watching the adult? One of the evident explanations concerns the efficiency of the adult’s behavior and child’s desire to achieve the same result. However, widely known researches prove that a child is guided not exclusively by result, but also by adult’s intention. In our study, we verified the reason guiding a child’s choice in ambiguous condition modeled by situations opposing intentional and efficient behavior style of the adult. We discovered, that 16-20 months old infants preferred copying adult’s intentional action (even if the action was not providing for an attractive result), but not accidental (even if the action was providing for an attractive result). However, the tendency of following the intention is developing in process of growing, as no similar pattern is observed at 12-16 months children. Here we also discuss the found out phenomenon in terms of its relation to the existing data on overimitation effect's research including the age range of its manifestation. Our data allow assuming that development of infant experience acquisition through interaction with an adult is, probably not carried out by complication of instrumental activity but through adjoining the child’s learning process of action planning while acquiring the experience.
The article is about H. Plessner's view on language within the framework of his anthropological approach. In Plessner's anthropology language is the “true existential evidence” for eccentricity of the human position. According to Plessner language is a core feature of a human being and there is a strong coincidence between language and all the basic human characteristics such as: eccentricity, immanence, expressivity and the ability for the contact with reality (a cognitive function). So, Plessner proclaims that the initial function of language is an expressive but not a communicative one. At that the cognitive function is considered as an expression of eccentric positionality or as an objectivation of the expression. Plessner doesn't restrict himself solely to an instrumental interpretation of language, but also argues for language as communicative environment. The last idea refers to an approach to language as an intersubjective mode of human being. Language considered as a “structure of the human way of existence” is based on specifically human features such as abilities for imitation and objectivation, both supposed to express the eccentric positionality.