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Article

""Земля трудящемуся народу": аграрный вопрос в политической программе старообрядцев в 1917 г."

Quaestio Rossica. 2019. № 4.

Article «"The earth to the working people" : Agrarian Question in the Political Program of Old Believers in 1917» contains the analysis of provisions of Old Believers of various denominations on an agrarian question. Program and assembly documents of the Old Belief organizations, congresses and meetings, publicist materials and also epistolary are used. Historical genetic, historical comparative and historical typological methods of a historical research are used. The Old Belief in general suggested resolving the land question within the concept with elements of the liberal (cadet) program. However, unlike the cadets offering in 1917 transfer of the earth of Fund to unlimited use, Old Believers (including peasants) insisted in the majority on the private-ownership nature of the country farms which have received the earth. A small part of Old Believers peasants in certain regions have apprehended the slogans of Social Revolutionaries. But in general the Old Belief version of the solution of a land problem had a unique combination of lines. It in many respects was explained by specifics of the democratic and polemic structure of Old Belief community. Old Believers peasants (on the whole - strong business executives) never refused trust to the representative to the organizations and forums in which took active part. The points of view formulated at congresses and meetings by peasants on a land problem were really considered by a political top a Old Belief and exerted considerable impact on resolutions of these congresses. The major disagreement, at the same time, was since summer of 1917 the principle of a “nepredreshenchestvo” which was strictly reproduced in political documents of adherents of ancient piety of various denominations. The position of Old Believers on the most important political and economic problems of revolutionary time, differed from other political forces in the fact that they attached great value to Christian and even chilidially coloring of the political projects which were based on Christianity "with his requirements of the truth and justice, brotherhood and love".