О потребности в реализации программ банковско-государственного партнерства в кредитно-инвестиционной сфере
In order to successfully implement internal capital adequacy assessment procedures (ICAAP) within a bank key requirements are briefly comments with respect to timing, format and content that are awaited by the Bank of Russia according to 3624-U Directive "About requirements on risk and capital management of the credit institutions and banking group". Risk-appetite, risk aggregation and concentration risk stress-testing are additionally discussed.
This article is devoted to the issues of timely detection of negative trends in bank’s operation on the basis of data from financial statements. The authors determined that revealing certain sequences of events in credit institutions activities (negative development scenarios) permits to reduce the risk of license withdrawal prediction error. A set of the most common negative scenarios was discovered and described by the authors. Discovering such scenarios based on the financial statement data allows all interested parties to be proactive in preventing closing down of a credit institution at the initiative of the Bank of Russia or in protecting themselves from negative consequences of this event. The conclusions were confirmed by the mathematical modeling results using classification trees from CART methodology, which have never been applied before to predict license withdrawal.
New approaches of the Russian legislation and case-law of Russian supreme courts in financial services
The article analyzes the new Russian parliamentary law and judiciary approaches by the Supreme Court, the Supreme Arbitration Court of the Russian Federation relating to bank lending. The author criticizes a number of new relevant courts decisions of this category, proving the invalidity of arguments of some of them. Also, the author argues the fallacy of the sharp differences in the approaches to the courts to assessment of legitimacy of separate contractual conditions of credit agreements between business and consumer loans.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.