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## Standard Models of Degree 1 del Pezzo Fibrations

Moscow Mathematical Journal. 2018. Vol. 18. No. 4. P. 721-737.

We construct a standard birational model (a model that has Gorenstein canonical singularities) for the three-dimensional del Pezzo fibrations π: *X*→*C* of degree 1 and relative Picard number 1. We also embed the standard model into the relative weighted projective space ℙ_*C*(1,1,2,3). Our construction works in the *G*-equivariant category where *G* is a finite group.

Publication based on the results of:

Perepechko A., Функциональный анализ и его приложения 2013 Т. 47 № 4 С. 45-52

We prove that the action of the special automorphism group on affine cones over del Pezzo surfaces of degree 4 and 5 is infinitely transitive. ...

Added: September 26, 2019

Trepalin A., Moscow Mathematical Journal 2018 Vol. 18 No. 3 P. 557-597

Let 𝕜 be any field of characteristic zero, X be a del Pezzo surface of degree 2 and G be a group acting on X. In this paper we study 𝕜-rationality questions for the quotient surface X/G. If there are no smooth 𝕜-points on X/G then X/G is obviously non-𝕜-rational. Assume that the set of smooth 𝕜-points on the quotient is not empty. We find ...

Added: October 4, 2018

Prokhorov Y., Annales de l'Institut Fourier 2015 No. 65 P. 1-16

We prove that for a Q-Gorenstein degeneration $X$ of del Pezzo surfaces, the number of non-Du Val singularities is at most $\rho(X)+2$. Degenerations with $\rho(X)+2$ and $\rho(X)+1$ non-Du Val points are investigated. ...

Added: October 17, 2014

Andrey S. Trepalin, Central European Journal of Mathematics 2014 Vol. 12 No. 2 P. 229-239

Let $\bbk$ be a field of characteristic zero and $G$ be a finite group of automorphisms of projective plane over $\bbk$. Castelnuovo's criterion implies that the quotient of projective plane by $G$ is rational if the field $\bbk$ is algebraically closed. In this paper we prove that $\mathbb{P}^2_{\bbk} / G$ is rational for an arbitrary ...

Added: December 3, 2013

Amerik, E., Campana, F., Journal of Geometry and Physics 2013 Vol. 71 No. September P. 53-57

This is a note on Beauville's problem (solved by Greb, Lehn, and Rollenske in the non-algebraic case, and by Hwang and Weiss in general) whether a lagrangian torus on an irreducible holomorphic symplectic manifold is a fiber of a lagrangian fibration. We provide a different very short solution in the non-algebraic case, and make some ...

Added: May 26, 2013

Avilov A., Mathematical notes 2016 Vol. 100 No. 3 P. 482-485

We classify three-dimensional singular cubic hypersurfaces with an action of a finite group G, which are not G-rational and have no birational structure of G-Mori fiber space with the base of positive dimension. ...

Added: December 7, 2016

Serge Lvovski, / Cornell University. Series arXiv "math". 2017.

We show that the monodromy group acting on $H^1(\cdot,\mathbb Z)$ of a smooth
hyperplane section of a del Pezzo surface over $\mathbb C$ is the entire
group $\mathrm{SL}_2(\mathbb Z)$. For smooth surfaces with $b_1=0$ and hyperplane section
of genus $g>2$, there exist examples in which a similar assertion is
false. Actually, if hyperplane sections of ...

Added: June 14, 2017

Cheltsov Ivan, Wilson A., Journal of Geometric Analysis 2013 Vol. 23 No. 3 P. 1257-1289

We classify smooth del Pezzo surfaces whose α-invariant of Tian is bigger than 1. ...

Added: November 14, 2013

Yuri Prokhorov, / Cornell University. Series math "arxiv.org". 2013.

We prove that, except for a few cases, stable linearizability of finite subgroups of the plane Cremona group implies linearizability. ...

Added: October 10, 2013

Cheltsov Ivan, Shramov Constantin, Experimental Mathematics 2013 Vol. 22 No. 3 P. 313-326

We study del Pezzo surfaces that are quasismooth and well-formed weighted hypersurfaces. In particular, we find all such surfaces whose α-invariant of Tian is greater than 2/3. ...

Added: January 27, 2014

Serge Lvovski, Moscow Mathematical Journal 2019 Vol. 19 No. 3 P. 597-613

We show that if we are given a smooth non-isotrivial family of curves of genus 1 over C with a smooth base B for which the general fiber of the mapping J : B → A 1 (assigning j-invariant of the fiber to a point) is connected, then the monodromy group of the family (acting ...

Added: August 30, 2019

Yuri Prokhorov, / Cornell University. Series math "arxiv.org". 2011.

We prove that for a Q-Gorenstein degeneration $X$ of del Pezzo surfaces, the number of non-Du Val singularities is at most $\rho(X)+2$. Degenerations with $\rho(X)+2$ and $\rho(X)+1$ non-Du Val points are investigated. ...

Added: October 11, 2013

Cheltsov I., Shramov K., Park J., / Cornell University. Series math "arxiv.org". 2018.

We estimate δ-invariants of some singular del Pezzo surfaces with quotient singularities, which we studied ten years ago. As a result, we show that each of these surfaces admits an orbifold K\"ahler--Einstein metric. ...

Added: October 21, 2018

Trepalin A., Central European Journal of Mathematics 2014

Let $\bbk$ be a field of characteristic zero and $G$ be a finite group of automorphisms of projective plane over $\bbk$. Castelnuovo's criterion implies that the quotient of projective plane by $G$ is rational if the field $\bbk$ is algebraically closed. In this paper we prove that $\mathbb{P}^2_{\bbk} / G$ is rational for an arbitrary ...

Added: October 14, 2013

Cheltsov I., Известия РАН. Серия математическая 2014 Т. 78 № 2 С. 167-224

We prove two new local inequalities for divisors on smooth surfaces and consider several applications of these inequalities. ...

Added: December 6, 2013

Trepalin A., / Cornell University. Series arXiv "math". 2017.

Let X be a minimal del Pezzo surface of degree 2 over a finite field 𝔽_q. The image Γ of the Galois group Gal(\bar{𝔽}_q/𝔽_q) in the group Aut(Pic(\bar{X})) is a cyclic subgroup of the Weyl group W(E_7). There are 60 conjugacy classes of cyclic subgroups in W(E_7) and 18 of them correspond to minimal del Pezzo surfaces. In this paper we study which possibilities of these subgroups for minimal del Pezzo ...

Added: December 2, 2018

Amerik E., Moscow Mathematical Journal 2012 Vol. 12 No. 4 P. 701-704

This note is a proof of the fact that a lagrangian torus on an irreducible hyperkähler fourfold is always a fiber of an almost holomorphic lagrangian fibration. ...

Added: February 6, 2013

Cheltsov I., Kuznetsov A., Shramov K., Algebra & Number Theory 2020 Vol. 14 No. 1 P. 213-274

We construct two small resolutions of singularities of the Coble fourfold (the double cover of the four-dimensional projective space branched over the Igusa quartic). We use them to show that all 𝔖6-invariant three-dimensional quartics are birational to conic bundles over the quintic del Pezzo surface with the discriminant curves from the Wiman–Edge pencil. As an application, ...

Added: May 10, 2020

Kishimoto T., Yuri Prokhorov, Zaidenberg M., Algebraic Geometry 2014 Vol. 1 No. 1 P. 46-56

In a previous paper we established that for any del Pezzo surface Y of degree at least 4, the affine cone X over Y embedded via a pluri-anticanonical linear system admits an effective Ga-action. In particular, the group Aut(X) is infinite dimensional. In contrast, we show in this note that for a del Pezzo surface ...

Added: October 10, 2013

Loginov K., / Cornell University. Series arXiv "math". 2018.

We consider threefold del Pezzo fibrations over a curve germ whose central fiber is non-rational. Under the additional assumption that the singularities of the total space are at worst ordinary double points, we apply a suitable base change and show that there is a 1-to-1 correpspondence between such fibrations and certain non-singular del Pezzo fibrations ...

Added: December 1, 2018

Trepalin A., Loughran D., / Cornell University. Series arXiv "math". 2019.

We completely solve the inverse Galois problem for del Pezzo surfaces of degree 2 and 3 over all finite fields. ...

Added: December 2, 2018

Cheltsov I., Prokhorov Y., Algebraic Geometry 2021 Vol. 8 No. 3 P. 319-357

We classify del Pezzo surfaces with Du Val singularities that have infinite automorphism groups, and describe the connected components of their automorphisms groups. ...

Added: September 7, 2021

Trepalin A., / Cornell University. Series arXiv "math". 2018.

Let X be a del Pezzo surface of degree 2 or greater over a finite field 𝔽_q. The image Γ of the Galois group Gal(\bar{𝔽}_q / 𝔽_q) in the group Aut(Pic(\bar{X})) is a cyclic subgroup preserving the anticanonical class and the intersection form. The conjugacy class of Γ in the subgroup of Aut(Pic(\bar{X})) preserving the anticanonical class and the intersection form is a natural invariant of X. We say that the ...

Added: December 2, 2018

Kotelnikova M. V., Aistov A., Вестник Нижегородского университета им. Н.И. Лобачевского. Серия: Социальные науки 2019 Т. 55 № 3 С. 183-189

The article describes a method that allows to improve the content of disciplines of the mathematical cycle by dividing them into invariant (general) and variable parts. The invariants were identified for such disciplines as «Linear algebra», «Mathematical analysis», «Probability theory and mathematical statistics» delivered to Bachelors program students of economics at several universities. Based on ...

Added: January 28, 2020