Managing the Modernization of Regional Markets of Educational Services in the Conditions of Formation of Industry 4.0
The purpose of this paper is to substantiate the perspectives and to develop recommendations for managing digital modernization of regional markets of educational services in the conditions of formation of Industry 4.0 by the example of modern Russia.
The law as an active tool and an object of forecast forms the concept of this monograph. Advaced legal influence, aimed at the improvement of efficiency and sustainability of social, economic and political development is contemplated as the result of legal forecast. The research leaves wide perspectives for the use of new methods of legal design and overcoming of customary focus on law as means for consolidation of a certain status of society and state.
The monograph provides analysis of the nature and mechanism of forecast, legal regulation of the forecast activity inside the country and on the international legal level, theory of legal risks and methods of their diagnosis at law-making and law enforcement stages. The monograph suggests means of legal regulation for risk situations and their prevention and also justifies mechanism of risk management and damage compensation due to occurence of unforeseen unfavorable circumstances. The monograph summarizes standarts and analytics, provides recommendations for law enforcement processes' optimization.
The monograph is aimed at scientist-legal experts, legal practitioners and experts, public and municipal employees, professors, students of bachelor and master degree courses, post-graduates and all those who are interested in the development of theoretical and practical approaches for improvement of state management mechanisms.
With an increasing number of companies applying smart manufacturing (Industry 4.0) technologies, and therefore gathering records from multiple enterprise data sources, a potential for big data analytics (BDA) is seemingly limitless. Still not every firm that implemented smart manufacturing reports gathering or making use of big data emerging from those processes, let alone extracting value from them. This study investigates business value creation mechanisms from BDA in smart manufacturing. Relying on several use cases and project stories described in publicly available sources, we analyze key drivers, applications, barriers, success factors, and business benefits of BDA in smart manufacturing. We summarize our findings in a comprehensive framework capturing first- and second- order effects of BDA implementation on Industry 4.0 processes. Our work aims at contributing to the body of knowledge on BDA and smart manufacturing, and at guiding practitioners in identifying and assessing various application scenarios for those technologies.
The annual report prepared by a large group of Russian and French researchers. The report focuses on the trends of development of Russia in the sphere of economy, domestic and foreign policy, social and regional policy.
The paper deals with the criteria for determining semantic calques in modern Russian. Case studies show that a semantic calque can be clearly attested only when there is a pre-established translation correspondence between the words of the source language and the target language. Special attention is paid to the examples of loan translations that underlie the replenishment of formerly defective number paradigms of abstract nouns such as продажа, озабоченность and практика.
The purpose of the paper is to determine the perspectives of diversification of educational services in the conditions of industry 4.0 on the basis of artificial intelligence (AI) training, determine the consequences of this process for academic and teaching staff and to develop recommendations for its practical implementation.
We have examined the main new competencies that should be matched by the specialist — managers of complex techno-technological and socio-economic systems in the era of information (digital) and industrial revolutions. We have also investigated what kind of overprofessional competencies the expert should have and what the system of its preparation includes. Having outlined and analyzed modern approaches to the creation of integrated systems of quality management and modern enterprise management, we have defined new requirements that a manager in the digital revolution era must meet for the digital economy, able to occupy a vacant niche in the labor market formed at the junction of classical engineering, information and management specialties. We are confident that today there is an urgent need to open new directions for targeted training of such specialists.
This article is talking about state management and cultural policy, their nature and content in term of the new tendency - development of postindustrial society. It mentioned here, that at the moment cultural policy is the base of regional political activity and that regions can get strong competitive advantage if they are able to implement cultural policy successfully. All these trends can produce elements of new economic development.
Materials of scientific and practical conference are included in the collection of works «Digital economy and «the Industry 4.0»: problems and prospects», prepared by laboratory «Innovative industrial economy» of Peter the Great St. Petersburg polytechnical university together with a number of the scientific organizations, higher education institutions, the industry entities.
In the collection of scientific works materials according to the theory of development of digital economy in modern conditions of the global competition, practical realization of the concept «the Industry 4.0», to research of problems and prospects of development of innovative activity of economic systems and enterprise entities, use of tools and valuation methods of an industrial development of regions, industries, the entities are reflected.
In the collection works of scientists and specialists of a number of higher education institutions, Russian Academies of Sciences institutes, the organizations, organizations and the entities, representatives of bodies of the public, municipal administration and executive power of Russia and foreign countries are provided.
Materials of the collection will be useful to teachers, scientists, specialists of the industrial, scientific enterprises, the organizations and organizations, and also graduate students, undergraduates and students.
We address the external effects on public sector efficiency measures acquired using Data Envelopment Analysis. We use the health care system in Russian regions in 2011 to evaluate modern approaches to accounting for external effects. We propose a promising method of correcting DEA efficiency measures. Despite the multiple advantages DEA offers, the usage of this approach carries with it a number of methodological difficulties. Accounting for multiple factors of efficiency calls for more complex methods, among which the most promising are DMU clustering and calculating local production possibility frontiers. Using regression models for estimate correction requires further study due to possible systematic errors during estimation. A mixture of data correction and DMU clustering together with multi-stage DEA seems most promising at the moment. Analyzing several stages of transforming society’s resources into social welfare will allow for picking out the weak points in a state agency’s work.