Фильтрация сембланса при обработке записей волнового акустического каротажа
Semblance or slowness time coherence is a measure of the coherence of energy distribution be-tween recorded signals at antenna array receivers of acoustic wave logging probe in the coordinates "the reduced time of the wave path from the middle of the antenna array” — “interval time". Several semblance filtering methods are proposed to allow for elimination of the effect of aliasing and to separate the wave packet components.
A computer implementation of the method of dispersive semblance for multi-element wave acoustic logging is proposed. The correction matrix for dispersion is constructed in (f-p)-domain using sets of dispersion curves of the flexural wave or Stoneley wave. The matrix is applied in computing scheme of the conventional semblance method in (tau-p)-domain (the Matlab script is given in electronic appendix).
Basic relationships understood as the concept of semblance have been presented. Their classification and comparison are given.
In this paper, we present all constant solutions of the Yang-Mills equations with SU(2) gauge symmetry for an arbitrary constant non-Abelian current in Euclidean space Rn of arbitrary finite dimension n. Using the invariance of the Yang-Mills equations under the orthogonal transformations of coordinates and gauge invariance, we choose a specific system of coordinates and a specific gauge fixing for each constant current and obtain all constant solutions of the Yang-Mills equations in this system of coordinates with this gauge fixing, and then in the original system of coordinates with the original gauge fixing. We use the singular value decomposition method and the method of two-sheeted covering of orthogonal group by spin group to do this. We prove that the number (0, 1, or 2) of constant solutions of the Yang-Mills equations in terms of the strength of the Yang-Mills field depends on the singular values of the matrix of current. The explicit form of all solutions and the invariant F^2 can always be written using singular values of this matrix. The relevance of the study is explained by the fact that the Yang-Mills equations describe electroweak interactions in the case of the Lie group SU(2). Nonconstant solutions of the Yang-Mills equations can be considered in the form of series of perturbation theory. The results of this paper are new and can be used to solve some problems in particle physics, in particular, to describe physical vacuum and to fully understand a quantum gauge theory.
We propose a new approach for Collaborative ltering which is based on Boolean Matrix Factorisation (BMF) and Formal Concept Analysis. In a series of experiments on real data (Movielens dataset) we compare the approach with the SVD- and NMF-based algorithms in terms of Mean Average Error (MAE). One of the experimental con- sequences is that it is enough to have a binary-scaled rating data to obtain almost the same quality in terms of MAE by BMF than for the SVD-based algorithm in case of non-scaled data.
This book concentrates on in-depth explanation of a few methods to address core issues, rather than presentation of a multitude of methods that are popular among the scientists. An added value of this edition is that I am trying to address two features of the brave new world that materialized after the first edition was written in 2010. These features are the emergence of “Data science” and changes in student cognitive skills in the process of global digitalization. The birth of Data science gives me more opportunities in delineating the field of data analysis. An overwhelming majority of both theoreticians and practition-ers are inclined to consider the notions of ‘data analysis” (DA) and “machine learning” (ML) as synonymous. There are, however, at least two differences between the two. First comes the difference in perspectives. ML is to equip computers with methods and rules to see through regularities of the environment - and behave accordingly. DA is to enhance conceptual understanding. These goals are not inconsistent indeed, which explains a huge overlap between DA and ML. However, there are situations in which these perspectives are not consistent. Regarding the current students’ cognitive habits, I came to the conclusion that they prefer to immediately get into the “thick of it”. Therefore, I streamlined the presentation of multidimensional methods. These methods are now organized in four Chapters, one of which presents correlation learning (Chapter 3). Three other Chapters present summarization methods both quantitative (Chapter 2) and categorical (Chapters 4 and 5). Chapter 4 relates to finding and characterizing partitions by using K-means clustering and its extensions. Chapter 5 relates to hierarchical and separative cluster structures. Using encoder-decoder data recovery approach brings forth a number of mathematically proven interrelations between methods that are used for addressing such practical issues as the analysis of mixed scale data, data standardization, the number of clusters, cluster interpretation, etc. An obvious bias towards summarization against correlation can be explained, first, by the fact that most texts in the field are biased in the opposite direction, and, second, by my personal preferences. Categorical summarization, that is, clustering is considered not just a method of DA but rather a model of classification as a concept in knowledge engineering. Also, in this edition, I somewhat relaxed the “presentation/formulation/computation” narrative struc-ture, which was omnipresent in the first edition, to be able do things in one go. Chapter 1 presents the author’s view on the DA mainstream, or core, as well as on a few Data science issues in general. Specifically, I bring forward novel material on the role of DA, including its successes and pitfalls (Section 1.4), and classification as a special form of knowledge (Section 1.5). Overall, my goal is to show the reader that Data science is not a well-formed part of knowledge yet but rather a piece of science-in-the-making.
We propose a new approach for Collaborative filtering which is based on Boolean Matrix Factorisation (BMF) and Formal Concept Analysis. In a series of experiments on real data (MovieLens dataset) we compare the approach with an SVD-based one in terms of Mean Average Error (MAE). One of the experimental consequences is that it is enough to have a binary-scaled rating data to obtain almost the same quality in terms of MAE by BMF as for the SVD-based algorithm in case of non-scaled data.
A model for organizing cargo transportation between two node stations connected by a railway line which contains a certain number of intermediate stations is considered. The movement of cargo is in one direction. Such a situation may occur, for example, if one of the node stations is located in a region which produce raw material for manufacturing industry located in another region, and there is another node station. The organization of freight traﬃc is performed by means of a number of technologies. These technologies determine the rules for taking on cargo at the initial node station, the rules of interaction between neighboring stations, as well as the rule of distribution of cargo to the ﬁnal node stations. The process of cargo transportation is followed by the set rule of control. For such a model, one must determine possible modes of cargo transportation and describe their properties. This model is described by a ﬁnite-dimensional system of diﬀerential equations with nonlocal linear restrictions. The class of the solution satisfying nonlocal linear restrictions is extremely narrow. It results in the need for the “correct” extension of solutions of a system of diﬀerential equations to a class of quasi-solutions having the distinctive feature of gaps in a countable number of points. It was possible numerically using the Runge–Kutta method of the fourth order to build these quasi-solutions and determine their rate of growth. Let us note that in the technical plan the main complexity consisted in obtaining quasi-solutions satisfying the nonlocal linear restrictions. Furthermore, we investigated the dependence of quasi-solutions and, in particular, sizes of gaps (jumps) of solutions on a number of parameters of the model characterizing a rule of control, technologies for transportation of cargo and intensity of giving of cargo on a node station.
Event logs collected by modern information and technical systems usually contain enough data for automated process models discovery. A variety of algorithms was developed for process models discovery, conformance checking, log to model alignment, comparison of process models, etc., nevertheless a quick analysis of ad-hoc selected parts of a journal still have not get a full-fledged implementation. This paper describes an ROLAP-based method of multidimensional event logs storage for process mining. The result of the analysis of the journal is visualized as directed graph representing the union of all possible event sequences, ranked by their occurrence probability. Our implementation allows the analyst to discover process models for sublogs defined by ad-hoc selection of criteria and value of occurrence probability
Existing approaches suggest that IT strategy should be a reflection of business strategy. However, actually organisations do not often follow business strategy even if it is formally declared. In these conditions, IT strategy can be viewed not as a plan, but as an organisational shared view on the role of information systems. This approach generally reflects only a top-down perspective of IT strategy. So, it can be supplemented by a strategic behaviour pattern (i.e., more or less standard response to a changes that is formed as result of previous experience) to implement bottom-up approach. Two components that can help to establish effective reaction regarding new initiatives in IT are proposed here: model of IT-related decision making, and efficiency measurement metric to estimate maturity of business processes and appropriate IT. Usage of proposed tools is demonstrated in practical cases.
Let G be a semisimple algebraic group whose decomposition into the product of simple components does not contain simple groups of type A, and P⊆G be a parabolic subgroup. Extending the results of Popov , we enumerate all triples (G, P, n) such that (a) there exists an open G-orbit on the multiple flag variety G/P × G/P × . . . × G/P (n factors), (b) the number of G-orbits on the multiple flag variety is finite.
I give the explicit formula for the (set-theoretical) system of Resultants of m+1 homogeneous polynomials in n+1 variables