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Миграционная и инвестиционная активность жителей городов России на рынке жилья Москвы и Подмосковья

Куричев Н. К., Куричева Е. К.

Drawing from the data on the home buyers’ addresses, we estimate the
purchasing activity of Russians in the primary real estate market of Moscow
metropolitan area (MMA) and compare it to their labor migration activity.
The objects of analysis are 149 cities and 80 «rests of regions». This article is the
first ever to examine the peculiarities of migration and investment behavior with
differentiation between cities and rural areas, between size classes of settlements
and individual large cities. Thus, the paper makes it possible to fill a gap
in assessing the mobility of the factors of production, namely capital and labor.
We reveal a sharp contrast between settlements of different sizes in terms of how
they interact with the metropolitan agglomeration. The bigger the settlement, the
less is the intensity of labor migration to the capital; the intensity is decreasing
in a rapid and monotonous manner. The activity of foreign buyers depending on
the population of the city where they reside varies non-mono tonously, with
a maximum for cities with a population of 250-500 thousand people in the real
estate market of Moscow and 100–500 thousand people in Moscow Oblast. For
MMA, small towns and rural areas (except for Khanty-Mansi and Yamal-Nenets
Autonomous Areas) are a source of labor resources while their buying activity
in the real estate market is weak. Cities with a population of over one million
practically do not create an inflow of labor migrants and show moderate activity
in the Moscow real estate market. Moscow Oblast interacts through labor
migration and housing acquisitions with smaller settlements than the «premium»
real estate and labor markets of Moscow. The attraction of Moscow Oblast is
rapidly decreasing with distance, extending to the first- and second-order
neighbors, while Moscow’s influence spreads throughout the country.