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Article

Discursive Politics of Energy in EU–Russia Relations: Russia as an “Energy Superpower” and a “Raw-Material Appendage”

Problems of Post-Communism. 2020. Vol. 67. No. 1. P. 78-92.

Vladimir Putin’s regime has struggled to restore Russia’s great power status. The discourses that have emerged around Russian energy wealth play a particularly significant role in this struggle and shape Russia’s identity in international relations. These multiple and contradictory understandings of energy resources are encapsulated in the two dominant discourses: the energy superpower and the raw-material appendage discourses. This paper examines these discourses and then demonstrates how they shape Russia’s energy diplomacy toward the European Union (EU).