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Regular version of the site
Of all publications in the section: 36
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Article
Smyth R., Sobolev A. S., Soboleva I. V. Problems of Post-Communism. 2013. Vol. 60. No. 2. P. 24-39.

Pro-Putin rallies before the 2012 presidential elections became campaign venues in which the Kremlin used political symbols—woven into a narrative of nationalism and tradition—to define and activate core voters across the Russian Federation.

Added: Jun 13, 2013
Article
Makarychev A., Medvedev S. A. Problems of Post-Communism. 2015. Vol. 62. No. 1. P. 45-54.

In Putin's third term, official rhetoric has become a normative, moralizing discourse promotng Russian tradtional values as opposed to the "moral decay" of the West. This "biopolitical turn" in Russian politics -- a redefining of the boundaries of the Russian political community and extension of state sovereignty into private lives -- is part of the authortarian drift of the Russian political regime.

Added: Mar 26, 2015
Article
Krickovic A., Weber Y. Problems of Post-Communism. 2018. Vol. 65. No. 6. P. 373-384.
Added: Oct 3, 2017
Article
Kuteleva A. Problems of Post-Communism. 2020. Vol. 67. No. 1. P. 78-92.

Vladimir Putin’s regime has struggled to restore Russia’s great power status. The discourses that have emerged around Russian energy wealth play a particularly significant role in this struggle and shape Russia’s identity in international relations. These multiple and contradictory understandings of energy resources are encapsulated in the two dominant discourses: the energy superpower and the raw-material appendage discourses. This paper examines these discourses and then demonstrates how they shape Russia’s energy diplomacy toward the European Union (EU).

Added: Sep 18, 2019
Article
Malinova O. Y. Problems of Post-Communism. 2020.

The article reveals how the opposition between the “hard 1990s” and the “stable 2000s” was constructed by Putin and Medvedev from 2000 to 2018. By qualitative content analysis of public speeches and interviews, it demonstrates how contrastive use of the recent past worked for legitimation of Putin’s power through three discursive mechanisms 1) coining buzzwords that later became symbolic descriptors of the 1990s in public discourses, 2) populist framing of the new political course, 3) composing narratives about past events. Being constructed largely in the early 2000s, the negative framing of the 1990s became essential for the official legitimizing discourse.

Added: Jan 30, 2021
Article
Shomova S. Problems of Post-Communism. 2021.

Political Internet memes are an underresearched phenomenon situated at the intersection of digital and political communication. Regarded as a unit of cultural information transmitted online, such a meme can be considered as both a manifestation of anonymous networked creativity and a mechanism of political participation. The article presents the results of an investigation into Internet memes generated by protest discourses on Runet (Russian Internet). The examination of Internet content allows us to draw conclusions as to the thematic emphases of protest actions represented in Runet’s memosphere and the specifics of the image of Russian protest as reflected in memes.

Added: Mar 12, 2021
Article
Yakovlev A. A., Freinkman L., Makarov S. et al. Problems of Post-Communism. 2020. Vol. 67. No. 4-5. P. 417-431.

Since 2008, tighter budget constraints have forced the Russian federal government to adjust the system governing its relations with the regions. This paper argues that more advanced Russian regions have the potential to develop a constructive response to the recent deterioration in their operational environment. This argument is based on an analysis of the experiences of coping with the external shocks that have occurred over the last 25 years in the Republic of Tatarstan. The paper identifies key factors that have helped the republic successfully tackle previous shocks, such as elite cohesion and internal consensus regarding republican developmental priorities.

Added: Sep 17, 2019
Article
Remington T. F. Problems of Post-Communism. 2018.

Historical institutionalism has demonstrated the value of close analysis of policymaking to explain institutional change. In particular, scholars have distinguished four different patterns of institutional change: drift, conversion, layering, and displacement. To date, most of this literature has been based on studies of developed democracies. This paper uses a case comparison of pension reform in the two postcommunist giants, Russia and China, to analyze the analogous processes of agenda-setting, bargaining, choice, and policy implementation in bureaucratic-authoritarian regimes. While policymaking in both countries takes place almost entirely within the state bureaucracy, in China, state political authority is much more decentralized than in Russia. I argue that this difference helps to account for the characteristic difference in the patterns of policy change that we observe in the two cases: periodic abrupt reversals in Russia vs. incrementalism and layering in China.

Added: Apr 3, 2018
Article
Voronovici A. Problems of Post-Communism. 2020. Vol. 67. No. 3. P. 288-302.

The article offers an analysis of historical politics and political use of the “historical statehood” concept in the unrecognized republics of Transnistria and Donbass. It traces the use of the“historical statehood” by the Transnistrian and Donbass separatist leaders for legitimizing their cause, in their political struggle and expansionist pursuits, and in the appeals to the population of territories under the control of the central governments. A specific strategy of self-legitimization and self-representation, emphasizing multiethnicity and declarative rejection of ethnic nationalism, influences the way these separatist regimes employ historical politics and instrumentalize their “historical statehood.” I suggest naming this approach “internationalist separatism.”

Added: Nov 8, 2019
Article
Vinogradova E., Kozina I., Cook L. J. Problems of Post-Communism. 2015. Vol. 62. No. 4. P. 193-203.

The paper analyzes contemporary labor relations in Russia as constituting a distinctive “market social contract.” Focusing on market and state policy, labor law, and tripartism, we show how the state has been balancing needs for “social stability” and labor market efficiency. To promote “stability” it protects employment security and prohibits collective protest; to promote efficiency it accommodates pressures for labor market flexibility by tolerating informality. Surveys conducted over the years 2007–2013 provide some evidence about behaviors, strategies, and attitudes of managers, workers, and state officials. The state has so far managed labor market tensions, but it has done so inefficiently. The current economic crisis demands new policy responses.

Added: Mar 22, 2021
Article
Kozina I., Vinogradova E., Cook L. Problems of Post-Communism. 2015. Vol. 62. No. 4. P. 193-203.

The paper analyzes contemporary labor relations in Russia as constituting a distinctive ‘market social contract.’  Focusing on market and state policy, labor law, and tripartism, we show how the state has been balancing needs for “social stability” and labor market efficiency. To promote “stability” it protects employment security and prohibits collective protest; to promote efficiency it accommodates pressures for labor market flexibility by tolerating informality. Surveys from 2007-2013 provide some evidence about behaviors, strategies, and attitudes of managers, workers and state officials. The state has so far managed labor market tensions, though inefficiently; the current economic crisis demands new policy responses.

Added: May 17, 2015
Article
Golosov G. V., Tatiana Tkacheva. Problems of Post-Communism. 2018. Vol. 65. No. 4. P. 243-252.

By permitting early resignations of the governors of Russia's regions, followed by their participation in premature elections, the federal center seeks to facilitate their long-term political survival. This study uses the data from 2013-2015 gubernatorial elections in order to reveal the Kremlin's motivations for this strategy. The analysis demonstrates that in contrast to the previous periods of Russia's political development when the federal center tended to reward the governors for electoral deference the current strategy is aimed primarily at long-term risk-aversion. This signifies a shift in the order of priorities of the Kremlin's policy toward the regions.

Added: Sep 18, 2017
Article
Sherstoboeva E. Problems of Post-Communism. 2014. Vol. 61. No. 5. P. 32-45.

This article examines the recent media reform in Turkmenistan and argues that the purpose newly enacted media legislation was to present the illusion of democratic change in the country. 

Added: Oct 26, 2013
Article
Frye T. M. Problems of Post-Communism. 2012. Vol. 59. No. 5. P. 68-71.
Through discussions with five Muscovites, the film My Perestroika shows the effects of social class on Russian politics and attitudes toward the West.
Added: Feb 5, 2013
Article
Vinogradova E. Problems of Post-Communism. 2006. Vol. 53. No. 5. P. 28-41.
Added: Dec 23, 2009
Article
Cook L. J., Vinogradova E. Problems of Post-Communism. 2006. Vol. 53. No. 5. P. 28-41.

THE political transition in Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union has generated a great deal of interest in the development of post-communist civil society—the autonomous sphere of activity between society and the state that provides the means for groups and organizations to build trust, articulate collective interests, and hold political authorities accountable. Non-governmental organizations (NGOs, or the “third sector”) are considered one of the core forms of civil society. First granted legal status in Russia in the early 1990s, NGOs have proliferated across the country. There are 450,000 NGOs registered in Russia, and according to expert estimates, about twenty or twenty-five percent of them are genuinely active.1 Most research until now has focused on women’s or environmental groups, but 30 percent of the country’s NGOs—the largest single category—are involved in social welfare.2 Many of these organizations provide services to the most vulnerable groups in Russian society, including the disabled, the chronically ill, migrants, and street children. The project described in this article has contributed to our knowledge about the activities, character, and influence of NGOs in the social sector

Added: Mar 23, 2021
Article
Joenniemi P., Sergunin A. A. Problems of Post-Communism. 2014. Vol. 61. No. 6. P. 18-33.

In response to the harsh reality of declining EU–Russia cooperation, the subnational actors of Russia’s Northwest are employing paradiplomacy as a resource for problem solving and ensuring their sustainable development.

Added: Mar 15, 2015
Article
Kazun A. D., Semykina K. Problems of Post-Communism. 2020. Vol. 67. No. 6. P. 455-466.

The study compares the networked issue agendas of Vladimir Putin and Alexey Navalny in Russian mainstream media and on the Internet utilizing the theoretical framework of issue ownership theory. We analyze the period from December 12, 2016 to December 12, 2017. The analysis shows that the issue agendas of Putin and Navalny are similar in the mainstream media and on the Internet. In both media types, Putin is often mentioned in connection with economic issues and international relations, which attract the attention of the population and are perceived as important. Navalny is associated with the issues of civic activism, NGOs and anti-corruption.

Added: Nov 29, 2019
Article
Libman A., Obydenkova A. Problems of Post-Communism. 2020. Vol. 67. No. 4-5. P. 402-416.

Problems of post-Communism

The paper investigates the effect of Communist legacies on attitudes toward migrants in present-day Russia. Midway through the first decade of the 2000s, Russia established itself as an attractive center of labor migration. This rise of migration triggered an upsurge of xenophobic sentiment and nationalism. This paper examines the variation of anti-migrant sentiments across the regions of the Russian Federation and concludes that it is strongly affected by the legacies of the Communist regime. Regions with a higher share of CPSU members in their population in the 1970s are characterized by stronger negative attitudes towards migrants.

Added: Nov 18, 2020
Article
Libman A., Obydenkova A. Problems of Post-Communism. 2019. P. 1-15.

The paper investigates the effect of Communist legacies on attitudes toward migrants in present-day Russia. Midway through the first decade of the 2000s, Russia established itself as an attractive center of labor migration. This rise of migration triggered an upsurge of xenophobic sentiment and nationalism. This paper examines the variation of anti-migrant sentiments across the regions of the Russian Federation and concludes that it is strongly affected by the legacies of the Communist regime. Regions with a higher share of CPSU members in their population in the 1970s are characterized by stronger negative attitudes towards migrants.

Added: Aug 23, 2019
Article
Lukin A. Problems of Post-Communism. 2001. Vol. 48. No. 4. P. 38-48.
Added: Sep 14, 2015
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