Предикативное согласование со словами ряд, половина, часть, множество в современном русском языке
The work deals with the strategies for predicate agreement to quantified noun groups headed by nouns. In Russian, as in other Slavic languages, predicate agreement with quantified noun phrases allows singular or plural forms of the predicate. As for the sentences with quantifiers-nouns r’ad, polovina, chast’, mnozestvo, three agreement strategy are probable: predicate agrees with the head of noun phrase and takes singular masculine/feminine/neuter or agrees semantically, in plural, or takes default form – singular neuter. The last type of agreement is rare and non-standard. The most frequent is the first type, full grammatical agreement.
The study based on the National Russian Corpus showed that the strategies of predicate agreement with quantifiers-nouns are not identical. The predicate more probable agrees in plural with NP, headed by the word r’ad, than the words polovina, chast’, mnozestvo.
The reasons for the differences in strategies of predicate agreement and the factors of context that influence the choice of predicate, are analysed in the paper.
The investigation of the difference in the agreement strategy implies consideration of the semantic and grammatical properties of quantifiers.
It is shown that some quantifiers have indefinite and abstract meaning (r’ad, mnozestvo), their grammatical properties are limited (the ability to combine with a definition, to be used without dependent word). This behavior differs from usual noun behavior. The “not noun-like” properties should be the main reason for fluctuations in the choice of the form of the predicate, as Corbett has shown [Corbett 1979, Krasovitsky 2010]. The quantifiers of more specific and substantive meaning (polovina, chast’) that behave like nouns, seems to require the full grammatical agreement of predicate.
The dependence of the choice of the predicate form from grammatical gender is discussed in the paper.
The statistical analysis of the influence of the context factors is carried out. The factors of animacy, word order, conjunct subjects. conjunct predicate, the type of predicate, adjectives agreed with quantifier are considered. Some views on the influence of the factors of the context generally accepted in Russian linguistics are refined. The study has shown that a few factors can influence on the choice of the form of the predicate agreed with the words pololvina or chast’– predominantly conjunct noun phrases and animacy. The agreement with mnozestvo is influenced by more factors of context. All the factors are extremely important for the predicate agreement with r’ad