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Article

Аспекты аналитической и трансцендентальной феноменологий в контексте современной философии сознания

Философские науки. 2019. Т. 62. № 5. С. 97-123.

The article explores the peculiarities and specific features of phenomenological approach developed in the contemporary analytical philosophy. Despite the fact that the trust in phenomenological approaches continue to grow in analytical philosophy, it is necessary to recognize the presence of noticeable discrepancies between the classical transcendental phenomenology of E. Husserl and contemporary versions of phenomenology in analytical philosophy. The article analyses some of these discrepancies. It is shown that, unlike the skepticism of transcendental phenomenology in relation to scientific methodology in the research of consciousness, the analytical tradition of phenomenology is tuned for cooperative dialogue with science. Explained that phenomenology in analytical philosophy places great hopes on the possibility of making consciousness a subject of joint research work of neuroscientists and phenomenologists. The article claims that in the course of realization of this task, phenomenology in analytical tradition often starts to be interpreted from realistic, and partly from naturalistic positions, that doesn`t meet the project of transcendental phenomenology. As an illustration of this idea, certain approaches of analytical phenomenology are considered, in particular: phenomena are interpreted from the point of view of logical and linguistic analysis, intentionality is connected with the activity of the brain and is located in the natural world, phenomenal consciousness is interpreted as the awareness of a high order, and the phenomena assume a gradual nature and are often identified only with sensual experiences that suggest a correlative correspondence of substrate data of brain physiology. On the basis of this material it is implied some reasons to interpret phenomenological theories which are funded by analytical tradition, as an example of a specific phenomenology of non-transcendental origin.