Non-Tariff Regulation of the Kyrgyz Republic in the context of Eurasian integration
The Kyrgyz Republic became the fifth member of the Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU) on August 12, 2015. In order to become a “full” member this country at a certain degree had to harmonize and change its legislation in accordance with the basic provisions of the Union legal acts.
The article determines and systematizes concordance of national technical regulations and EAEU (Customs Union) technical regulations. The research focuses on non-tariff measures (NTMs) applied by the Kyrgyz Republic in light of the Eurasian economic integration.
UNCTAD’s database (TRAINS/WITS database) was used in order to analyze national NTMs. In total 218 actively applied NTMs were analyzed. Most of them are import-related technical measures (Sanitary and phytosanitary measures – SPS, and Technical barriers to trade - TBT) and export-related (technical and licensing/authorization) measures. In addition to composition of the Kyrgyz national NTMs, author revealed their correspondence to main principles of the World Trade Organization (WTO): most-favored nation and national treatment clause.
Thus our research revealed that measures which are viewed as barriers may not only hinder the trade of the Kyrgyz Republic with the third countries, but also may slow down the integration processes within the EAEU. The research on this matter can be further developed.