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Article

Актуальные вопросы применения информационных технологий в юридической науке и практике

Чураков В. Д.

The actual state of science and technology predetermines changes in the methodology of scientific research and social practices. The paper is dedicated to various aspects of information technology application in legal science and practice:

  • current technological development;
  • prospects for the use of technology in legal research;
  • examples of required regulatory changes.

The author discusses the basic principles of the development of Big Data and the scope of Legal Tech.

Big Data in legal science operates in two main areas:

  • provides an opportunity to explain existing phenomena;
  • provides the ability to predict the behavior in the legal sphere.

Therefore, the methodology and philosophy of legal research significantly change. The application of Big Data makes it possible, on the basis of objectively obtained parameters, to build connections and correlations that are independent of the researcher’s commitment to any scientific concept. In other words, the research hypothesis is not built up before the research but is formed only after the interpretation of the obtained interrelations.

The example of the dynamic development of legal institutions reveals the problems associated with the need for an interdisciplinary combination of law and IT-technologies.

Legal science is characterized by the following set of problems:

1) the legal personality of artificial intelligence;

2) data collection and verification;

3) interpretation of the results;

4) the role of traditional tools;

5) “trust” to calculations;

6) the international nature of digitalization;

7) personal data.

Practical problems are associated with:

1) incorporation into the legislation of new principles, terms, definitions, and legal institutions;

2) workflow development;

3) the reliability of electronic documents;

4) the civil status of Big Data.