Цифровой этап экономического регионализма в Юго-Восточной Азии: взгляд из России.
Purpose: The purpose of the article is to develop a strategy of provision of security of wireless future of digital economy. Methodology: The author determines, analyzes, and compares scenarios of wireless future of digital economy depending on completeness of provision of security, with the help of the methods of logical and problem analysis and imitation modeling. Results: As a result of modeling the wireless future of digital economy, the risks to security, causes of their emergence (factors that require management), and perspectives of risk management are determined. A strategy of provision of security of wireless future of digital economy is presented-it reflects the structure of risk management of this process through the prism of its subjects and performed functions, as well as the tools that include robototronics, cloud and blockchain technologies, and human monitoring of digital devices. Implementation of this strategy will allow reducing the risk component of functioning and development of digital economy, its quick growth and stimulation of social progress (increase of population's living standards)-i.e., implementation of the optimistic scenario. Recommendations: As a result, it is concluded that even in case of highly-effective risk management there preserves a rather high level of risk of provision of security of digital economy's wireless future. Thus, with digital modernization of modern socio-economic systems together with practical implementation of the offered strategy of provision of security of digital economy's wireless future, it is recommended to conduct measures for reducing the level of social tension and preventing the opposition to changes. © Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019.
This article devoted the complex analysis governing modern independent codifications of private international law in the countries of South East Asia. As part of this article conducted the detailed analysis of national-legal regulation of laws in the field of private international law in China and Japan. The analysis of the basic institutes of private international law, and also questions concerning hereditary, family, tort, real and a liability law is also carried out.
The article presents a comparative analysis of the nature and content of the concepts of risk and business reputation of the organization. The factors that may affect the process of digitalization of the economy in Russia are identified. Defined the inter-relationship digitalization of the economy and the business reputation of industrial companies. The refined definition of risk suggests considering risk as an economic phenomenon, which is an integral element of all socio-economic processes that occur in the organization, and is able to lead the system out of balance and, consequently, either improve its performance, or lead to undesirable losses, or destroy. The complete concept of business reputation is that it defines it as a stable representation in the minds of contractors of the organization (consumers, government agencies, suppliers, commercial banks) about the good faith of the fulfillment of its obligations, a high level of quality of the products of the efficiency of the implementation of business contracts. The interrelation between increase in business reputation and growth of competitiveness of the industrial organizations is shown. The proposed quantitative index for assessing the level of goodwill by the dynamics of the revealed violations of the organizations in the industry. The dynamics of this indicator of industrial organizations of the Russian Federation in 2011-2017 is investigated. Such directions of reducing the risk of business reputation of the industrial organization of the Russian Federation as the development of tools for motivating personnel, the intensification of the use of professional psychological assistance for employees and management of industrial companies, the movement of their business reputation in social networks, the improvement of PR-companies of industrial enterprises, the development of self-regulatory organizations of the industry and the intensification of their activities in the management of the process of ensuring business reputation. The necessity of formation of independent qualified ratings of business reputation of domestic industrial companies formed in the context of sub-sectors of a particular sector of the economy and regions of the Russian Federation is shown.
Materials of scientific and practical conference are included in the collection of works «Digital economy and «the Industry 4.0»: problems and prospects», prepared by laboratory «Innovative industrial economy» of Peter the Great St. Petersburg polytechnical university together with a number of the scientific organizations, higher education institutions, the industry entities.
In the collection of scientific works materials according to the theory of development of digital economy in modern conditions of the global competition, practical realization of the concept «the Industry 4.0», to research of problems and prospects of development of innovative activity of economic systems and enterprise entities, use of tools and valuation methods of an industrial development of regions, industries, the entities are reflected.
In the collection works of scientists and specialists of a number of higher education institutions, Russian Academies of Sciences institutes, the organizations, organizations and the entities, representatives of bodies of the public, municipal administration and executive power of Russia and foreign countries are provided.
Materials of the collection will be useful to teachers, scientists, specialists of the industrial, scientific enterprises, the organizations and organizations, and also graduate students, undergraduates and students.
Purpose: The purpose of the article is to determine the perspectives of improving the system of emergency medical aid and services in the conditions of digital economy and to develop the algorithm of this system's work on the basis of the Internet of Things. Methodology: The methods of systematization, logical analysis, and block schemes are used. Results: As a result of studying the peculiarities of the applied universal algorithm of the work of the system of emergency medical aid and services, current problems and their causal connections are determined. It is substantiated that in the conditions of digital economy there's a possibility for full-scale technological modernization of the system of emergency medical aid and services, which allows improving it due to complex solving of all determined topical problems. An algorithm of the work of the system of emergency medical aid and services on the basis of the Internet of Things is developed. Recommendations: The offered algorithm is recommended for practical application, as it ensures the following advantages: Automatic call for emergency medical aid if necessary, substantial reduction of the period of patient's waiting for a transport vehicle for providing emergency medical aid and services, reduction and automatization of organizational procedures that accompany the process of provision of emergency medical aid and services, overcoming the deficit or absence of necessary medication for providing highly-effective emergency medical aid and services, and increase of competence of medical staff that provide emergency medical aid and services due to systemic collection of feedback from patients. These advantages allow guaranteeing timely provision of emergency medical aid and services and insurance payments for compensating the expenditures of medical organizations, thus increasing the effectiveness of work of the system of emergency medical aid and services. © Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019.
This report evaluates current transboundary shipment legislation and its influence on the movement of used electrical and electronic equipment (UEEE) destined for reuse and/or refurbishment, specifically addressing the electronic refurbishment industry’s point of view. The report is particularly concerned with the increased costs, and resultant reduction, of reusing UEEE that occurs as a result of such legislation. The report examines (i) current international legislation regarding transboundary shipment of e-waste; (ii) case study experiences from stakeholders in the electronics industry collected from survey and interviews; and (iii) various models and practices adopted by reuse organizations to handle the proliferation of electrical and electronic equipment (EEE). The report identifies three priority areas obstructing reuse organizations’ movement of UEEE across the globe: (i) discrepancies in legislation and enforcement between developed and developing countries; (ii) legislative limitations; and (iii) the valuation of UEEE. Based on these evaluations, the report proposes five key recommendations to resolve such issues: 1. The identification of specific policy amendments for the current transboundary shipment legislation; 2. The establishment of national e-waste and reuse policies within developed and developing nations; 3. The development of a comprehensive database to harmonise legislation between developed and developing countries; 4. The expansion of recycling and dismantling facilities in developed and developing nations using the informal recycling sector as a valuable element; and 5. The introduction of a regulated green, international e-waste transboundary channel. For the sake of expediency, these recommendations may be considered on either a regional or sub-regional level.
A quasi-state - Islamic State of Iraq and Levant (ISIS) is turning into a new “Jihad university” for radical Islamists over the world including South-East Asia. In the effort to resist the growing influence of ISIS in the region and to enlist the support of external partners ASEAN leaders counts on the support of the USA. However Washington does not provide dedicated support for the efforts of ASEAN, which is promoting the global movement of moderates. Objectively there is little reason to expect such support in the future. The reason is obvious – the ISIS influence in SEA perfectly meets the US policy priority in the Asia-Pacific region, the aim of which is to fortify American leadership, with one of the tools of it being “controlled chaos” in the interests of the U.S.
We address the external effects on public sector efficiency measures acquired using Data Envelopment Analysis. We use the health care system in Russian regions in 2011 to evaluate modern approaches to accounting for external effects. We propose a promising method of correcting DEA efficiency measures. Despite the multiple advantages DEA offers, the usage of this approach carries with it a number of methodological difficulties. Accounting for multiple factors of efficiency calls for more complex methods, among which the most promising are DMU clustering and calculating local production possibility frontiers. Using regression models for estimate correction requires further study due to possible systematic errors during estimation. A mixture of data correction and DMU clustering together with multi-stage DEA seems most promising at the moment. Analyzing several stages of transforming society’s resources into social welfare will allow for picking out the weak points in a state agency’s work.