Hirota Difference Equation and Darboux System: Mutual Symmetry
We considered the relation between two famous integrable equations: The Hirota difference equation (HDE) and the Darboux system that describes conjugate curvilinear systems of coordinates in R3. We demonstrated that specific properties of solutions of the HDE with respect to independent variables enabled introduction of an infinite set of discrete symmetries. We showed that degeneracy of the HDE with respect to parameters of these discrete symmetries led to the introduction of continuous symmetries by means of a specific limiting procedure. This enabled consideration of these symmetries
on equal terms with the original HDE independent variables. In particular, the Darboux system appeared as an integrable equation where continuous symmetries of the HDE served as independent variables. We considered some cases of intermediate choice of independent variables, as well as the relation of these results with direct and inverse problems.