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Regular version of the site

Article

Принятие управленческих решений в случае возникновения дефицита

Лукинский В. В., Маевский А. Г.

Stock-out – an inventory shortage, is a situation which periodically or constantly
retailers, networks of retail trade (and other commercial organizations connected
with replenishment and stocks expenditure) face worldwide. Numerous publications
of foreign authors proposing practical solutions for such organizations is
a vivid example of it. Some retail chain stores and enterprises even issue guidebooks
to handle stock-out.
In domestic literature, there are publications describing various stock-out
forms, as well as recommendations associated with the decision-making on them.
Nevertheless, the experience connected with the prevention and struggle
against the stock-out consequences is uncoordinated, lacks common structure, and
sequence of actions. An enterprise facing stock-out receives only fragmentary data
on the nature of this phenomenon, necessary instruments of influence and the sequence
of actions.
To give an idea of the existing spectrum of analytical approaches and possible
practical solutions, is one of the main objectives of this article. At the same time,
issues related directly to determining the stock volume and other parameters of a
company's inventory management system are considered. Based on the analysis
of the issues described above, a possible algorithm of actions an organization can
follow in the event of a stock-out, is presented. The possible development of an approach
to manage the most complex stock-out case – «with a lost demand» is also
considered.