Business leaders in finance — the key measures of motivation
Purpose is to find the key measures and individual differences of business leaders’ motivation for the prospective career planning. Approach. This article presents the results of the study carried out using a sample of a financial organization business leaders with the aim to identify the key scales of the motivational space that determine labor activity. The research analysed a sample of 670 business leaders, middle and line managers from financial organizations, and used a motivational task procedure (Strizhova, Gusev, 2013), which reconstructs motivational space. The conditions for the solution of a motivational task are realized by Motivation Map method. Diagnostic procedure places a list of motivation objects in a two-dimensional graph space of evaluation scales. Findings. It was found that middle and line managers have differences in their motivation. Money and family welfare are more important for line managers, status and professional and personal development are more important for middle managers, pleasure and inspiration from work has more probability for successes for middle managers, then how career growth has more probability for successes for line managers, interesting job allowing for maximum personal potential realization is more difficult for middle managers, helpfulness to others is more external for middle managers. As a result of multidimensional scaling of the data obtained, empirical scales of labour activity for line and middle managers’ motivational space were also obtained. The results of the research can be used by hr manager and organizational psychologist, interested in executive coaching and talent pool development. Value of the results. The results can be used in prospective planning of the career development.
The article features a new technique of work motivation diagnostics based on the new developed concept of motivational task. A motivational task is a tool for self-appraisal of the field of motivational objects allowing further reconstruction of motivational space. The conditions of the motivational task resolution have been implemented in the diagnostic procedure “Motivational Map”. The diagnostics procedure consists in multiple visual appraisal of 16 motivational objects (J.Nuttin) within a dimensional graphic space determined by 6 evaluation scales. To indicate the geometric patterns that reflect the relationship between motivational objects used the term subjective motivation space, based on the definition of subjective psychological space in modern models of multidimensional scaling. Conditions of motivational tasks are: ranking of motivational objects, determination of the subjective center of motivational space, multiple comparative evaluation of motivational objects, successive refinement of estimates motivational objects, adjusting the motivational space with a view of placing high priority motivational object. Approbation of new assesment technique was conducted on a sample of 206 financial specialists and included two series - test and retest. Collected results were compared with the scores received with the help of standard questionnaires. The construct validity of the methodology was assessed by means of the regression analysis. The scales used in the standard methodologies of work motivation assessment served as the independent variables, while the parameters registered by the developed methodology served as the dependent variables. In the course of validity analysis 32 highly important regression models were established. The results of psychometric verification of validity and reliability are presented in the article.
The article is devoted to examining of the potential application of the concept of talent management in
Russian universities. For this purpose we analyzed the main stages of development of the concept, identified
its benefits, and the experience of the use of the concept of talent management in universities, in particular,
in the case of the HSE – Saint Petersburg
This book explores the implications of talent management in four practical settings across the globe. Focusing on countries in the Asia-Pacific region, Central and Eastern Europe, Latin America and within the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), the authors illustrate how multinational corporations (MNCs) can benefit from talent management practices and as a result, develop a strategy of organizational leadership. Offering empirical examples from each region, this book examines how economic and cultural contexts influence talent management. Talent Management in Global Organizations discusses successful cases in different cross-cultural settings, and aims to inspire companies around the world to develop and implement talent management practices effectively.
The paper is based on an exploratory study into a new field of human resource management – talent management in the Russian companies. The objectives of the study are to examine the managerial interpretations of "talents" and identify the context factors that affect the talent management practices in Russian companies. More attention is paid to the influence of the IT sector context on talent management discourse and practices. The empirical data have been collected during comparative longitudinal case studies of the leading Russian IT companies since the summer of 2015. The paper will contribute to the deeper understanding of specific emerging country as well as sector effects so far insufficiently covered in the theoretical and practical literature on talent management.
In this paper we compare the positions of Russian State and Private Schools teachers: salary, mativation, educational practices. Monitoring of economics of edication data 2006-2011 are used. Research on the teaching profession in Russia shows that teachers continue to be among the lowest paid specialists. Despite this, recruitment is possible since teachers find the yearly schedule attractive, and this compensates somewhat for lower salaries. There is concern, though, about the conditions of their work and the inadequate amount of funding that is provided for essential supplies and infrastructure.
Nowadays the most significant challenges in people management for companies are to attract, develop and retain people that companies treat as talents. These challenges become complex in an unstable economy and uncertain situations for businesses. Talent management practices were originated in the early 1990s in the USA. Talent management strategies in companies of developed countries are described by some authors as a mature approach, a new paradigm in people management. The paper aims to consider theoretical approaches to talent management studies, to bring out several disputable moments of theoretical constructs in this field, to understand discrepancies and gaps in the extant studies In order to achieve these goals the analysis of the recent academic literature in the field is conducted, the main constructs of talent management are observed, definitions of talent are discussed, and basis vectors of the talent in business is suggested. Talent management is analyzed from two main points of view, elicited from the set of literature: talent management as a system and as a strategy, some inconsistencies and omissions are mentioned. Then several main tensions in talent management approaches are noted.
The distractive effects on attentional task performance in different paradigms are analyzed in this paper. I demonstrate how distractors may negatively affect (interference effect), positively (redundancy effect) or neutrally (null effect). Distractor effects described in literature are classified in accordance with their hypothetical source. The general rule of the theory is also introduced. It contains the formal prediction of the particular distractor effect, based on entropy and redundancy measures from the mathematical theory of communication (Shannon, 1948). Single- vs dual-process frameworks are considered for hypothetical mechanisms which underpin the distractor effects. Distractor profiles (DPs) are also introduced for the formalization and simple visualization of experimental data concerning the distractor effects. Typical shapes of DPs and their interpretations are discussed with examples from three frequently cited experiments. Finally, the paper introduces hierarchical hypothesis that states the level-fashion modulating interrelations between distractor effects of different classes.
This article describes the expierence of studying factors influencing the social well-being of educational migrants as mesured by means of a psychological well-being scale (A. Perrudet-Badoux, G.A. Mendelsohn, J.Chiche, 1988) previously adapted for Russian by M.V. Sokolova. A statistical analysis of the scale's reliability is performed. Trends in dynamics of subjective well-being are indentified on the basis the correlations analysis between the condbtbions of adaptation and its success rate, and potential mechanisms for developing subjective well-being among student migrants living in student hostels are described. Particular attention is paid to commuting as a factor of adaptation.