L'Avant-Garde au service de la dialectique
Статья посвящена реконструкции историко-культурного контекста рубежа 1920-30-х гг. и интеллекутальных практик, которые позволяли молодому поколению авангардистов сочетать интерес к экспериментальному искусству с советскими идеологическими установками.
The article is devoted to the influence of Giambattista Vico on Edward Said. It claims, first, that Vico inspired Said to engage in the intellectual-political project of Postcolonial Studies, and second, that Saidian reading of Vico is the most sophisticated, detailed and fresh left interpretation of the great Neapolitan philosopher in the twentieth century.
Biography and analysis of the texts of the poet Nikolay Oleynikov
The annotated list of abbreviations and acronyms used in Russian and Soviet Avant-garde art and art institutions in the first third of the 20th century.
The chapter discusses the post-revolutionary period of the Russian avant-garde, associated with forcing of the technological both in manifestations and practice, and the last decades of the Russian-language poetry, when attention to technology is comparably high. It seems important to discover their differences and how they relate to the evolution in understanding technology over the 20th century. Using the literature examples of LEF (S. Tretyakov, B. Kushner) and LCC (I. Selvinsky, B. Agapov), in this paper specific features of the machine subject are determined. There is two aspects of the machine sub-ject understanding in the literature of the post-revolutionary avantgarde: 1) as a subject of an internalized instrumentalization; 2) as a subject and an object of control. The chap-ter gives an overview of theories that affect these aspects in the late XX - early XXI century. Using an ideas analysis of how the machine subjectivity was represented during the XX century, the chapter shows the main development trends in contemporary Rus-sian-language poetry. The ambivalence of the avantgarde machine subject, which at the same time is part of the whole and controls its belonging to this whole, rationalizing technology, but at the same time affecting by it, in the modern context is giving way to the rational interpretation of the technology; in addition, nowadays technology seems to be perceived not productively, but procedurally.
The M.I. Tugan-Baranovsky’s view on the national factor role of economic development is considered in the article. His relevant works on political economy and the unknown article on anti-Semitism are analyzed. His public activities and memoirs are considered. The contrast between nationalistic ideas and Tugan-Baranovsky’s ethical principles based on Kantianism is shown. The distinctions between his theoretical position on the national aspects of economics and positions of K. Marx, F. Engels, V. Sombart and P.B. Struve are shown. The author came to conclusion, that M.I. Tugan-Baranovsky’s social views do not include nationalistic elements.
In the article the author looks into the theoretical prospects of socialist utopia rebirth as the so called horizon line that is impossible to cross, but easy to see as if it were reachable. The author shows that post-Fordism capitalizing and alienating nonmaterial labor has become a real problem for the radical negation in the framework of neo-Marxist utopia since under such conditions any social alternative is in danger of becoming a part of the capitalist reality. Such disciplinary power of the modern capitalist logic generates rejection of the political action as it is rather than a protest. In this situation radical Marxist utopia comes down to the affective negation that cannot become a subject to reflection. Its creators and proponents do not want to find themselves in the capitalist present, aspiring in their expectations into the future that will not grow out of the modern capitalism and will never be capitalism in principle.