Spin transport in the bulk of two-dimensional Hall insulator
Magneto-fermionic condensate under study is a Bose-Einstein condensate of cyclotron spin-flip magnetoexcitons in a quantum Hall insulator. This condensate features unique properties such as millisecond range lifetime and hundreds of micrometers of propagation length. In this study, utilizing the photo-induced resonant reflection technique, we measured the exciton escape time. Finally, we estimated the exciton condensate propagation velocity as 25 m/s, which is much higher than a single particle propagation velocity. We also proposed a mechanism of exciton condensation.
In this work authors presented new approach to investigation of multilayer heterostructures by joint calculation HRXRD and XRR data.
Metal-silicon junctions are crucial to the operation of semiconductor devices: aggressive scaling demands low-resistive metallic terminals to replace high-doped silicon in transistors. It suggests an efficient charge injection through a low Schottky barrier between a metal and Si. Tremendous efforts invested into engineering metal-silicon junctions reveal the major role of chemical bonding at the interface: premier contacts entail epitaxial integration of metal silicides with Si. Here we present epitaxially grown EuSi2/Si junction characterized by RHEED, XRD, transmission electron microscopy, magnetization and transport measurements. Structural perfection leads to superb conductivity and a record-low Schottky barrier with n-Si while an antiferromagnetic phase invites spin-related applications. This development opens brand-new opportunities in electronics.
Collective plasmon excitations in a helical electron liquid on the surface of strong three-dimensional topological insulator are considered. The properties and internal structure of these excitations are studied. Due to spin-momentum locking in helical liquid on a surface of topological insulator, the collective excitations should manifest themselves as coupled charge- and spin-density waves.
We report the study of spin relaxation in the Eu1−xGdxB6 (0 ≤ x ≤ 0.039) single crystals with the help of 60 GHz electron spin resonance (ESR) technique. A drastic change in the linear slopes of the temperature dependences of the ESR linewidth is discovered in the paramagnetic phase of Eu1−xGdxB6. The corresponding crossover temperature T0 is shown to decrease from T0(x = 0) ∼ 60 K down to T0(x = 0.039) ∼ 15 K under rising of Gd content. A non-bottlenecked Korringa relaxation is discussed as the main factor that governs spin dynamics in the unordered state of Eu1−xGdxB6 below T0. Using of the band parameters extracted from static magnetic and transport data allows to estimate on-site exchange constant between localized spins and itinerant electrons, which is effectively tuned from 110 meV for x = 0 down to 43 meV for x = 0.039 under gradual filling of the Eu1−xGdxB6 conduction band.
The dynamics of a two-component Davydov-Scott (DS) soliton with a small mismatch of the initial location or velocity of the high-frequency (HF) component was investigated within the framework of the Zakharov-type system of two coupled equations for the HF and low-frequency (LF) fields. In this system, the HF field is described by the linear Schrödinger equation with the potential generated by the LF component varying in time and space. The LF component in this system is described by the Korteweg-de Vries equation with a term of quadratic influence of the HF field on the LF field. The frequency of the DS soliton`s component oscillation was found analytically using the balance equation. The perturbed DS soliton was shown to be stable. The analytical results were confirmed by numerical simulations.
Radiation conditions are described for various space regions, radiation-induced effects in spacecraft materials and equipment components are considered and information on theoretical, computational, and experimental methods for studying radiation effects are presented. The peculiarities of radiation effects on nanostructures and some problems related to modeling and radiation testing of such structures are considered.