О реализации проектов государственно-частного партнерства в сферах науки, образования и промышленности
The paper is devoted to the legal aspects of the application of public-private partnership agreements from the point of view of the current legislation. The analysis of the subject composition and content of non-concessionary forms of public-private partnership is carried out. The author substantiates the prospects and opportunities of public-private partnership in the fields of scientific institutions, higher educational institutions and industrial production.
The theoretical basis of work is the notion of legitimation as a complex mechanism of social approval of a new phenomenon taking place with the active participation of different social groups and structures, able to influence its final form. In the focus of the empirical analysis the representations of social entrepreneurship that main actors of its legitimacy in Russia have. Among them are: the state, foundations, NPOs and business. We assess the (in)consistency between their representations as well as the reflection of these representations in the characteristics of existing organizations of social entrepreneurship (social enterprises).
Business, government and NPOs are understood as external actors of social enterprise legitimation, as without their recognition the legitimation will not take place. In turn, social enterprises, regardless of whether they come from for-profit or non-profit sector, are seen as objects of legitimation, or as a new actor, not identical to any of the above. It is shown that the contradictions in the positions of key actors can lead to mutually exclusive projects of legitimation of a new phenomenon, so that they will undermine the cognitive and moral legitimacy of each other. The empirical data include the results of the authors survey of 202 social enterprises.
EBES aims to bring worldwide researches and professionals together through organizing conferences and publishing academic journals and increase economics, finance, and business knowledge through academic discussions.
CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS THE BUSINESS & MANAGEMENT REVIEW International Academic Conference in Paris (IACP), Paris, France 15-16th August 2016 2016 Paris, France
Scott L. Newbert, PhD, is associate professor of management, Harry Halloran Emerging Scholar in Social Entrepreneurship, and Anne Quinn Welsh Faculty Fellow in Honors at Villanova University. His research on the socioeconomic impacts of entrepreneurial activity and valuation strategies for small firms has been published in numerous journals, including Strategic Organization, Small Business Economics, and Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice. He received his doctorate in strategic management and entrepreneurship from Rutgers University.
The history of legal regulation of concession relations development is considered in the article, beginning with farming system and ending with oil concession agreements in the end of twentieth century. The oil concessions development is considered in detail from the end of the nineteenth - beginning of the twentieth century; gradual changes of USA concessions and eastern concessions are compared.
Being a cross-cutting profession, management is engaged in different types of activities which is why its current and future position should reflect the modern transformations of work and professions. It also should reflect changes in the object and the conditions of governing. Given such a perspective this paper studies the trends that can shape the future of management in the coming decades and its likely professional development. The chapter explores significant global trends in work, knowledge accumulation, the status of professions, the new role of ICT which are seen as drivers of the potential future of professional management and contribute to its transformation from semi-profession to super-profession, super-authority or enterprising management service. These three perspectives are regarded as three different scenarios of the development of the professional management.
ICT are dramatically changing people’s lives. Industrial processes are becoming more and more intellectual, with their growing efficiency. ICT constant development and appearance of new functions are driving large-scale economic changes. Under the influence of Information Communication Technologies, relations between government, companies, and people are significantly transforming. However, practices show that ICT, having influence on economic growth and sustainable development, appear to have certain drawbacks. It is extremely important to note that their positive and negative characteristics are not only economic, but social and ecological. To maximize positive effects and neutralize drawbacks, ICT should be managed by government, businesses and societies together. The ICT market growing quickly, ICT use is expanding in businesses, public administration, and social developments. Along with these ongoing processes, there are studies which are being developed at both the national and region levels in Russia. This paper describes the mutual influence between businesses and ICT in Russia. This paper aims at considering the main trends and major consequences of these interactions, as well as how to study them. It does so from theoretical researches in this area as well as domestic and international practices.
The special section “Individuality in business and organizations” was organized during the V International Conference “Psychology of individuality” (December 9-11, 2015; HSE, Moscow). Section was organized on the initiative of the Department of Organizational Psychology and Master’s program “Business Psychology” (HSE). The work of the section was attended by representatives of more than twenty different regions of Russia. The work of the Section was managed by prof. Natalia Ivanova, prof. Takhir Bazarov, prof. Wladimir Stroh and associate professor Natalia Antonova. The included reports covered a big scope of organizational and business psychological problems, which have become the subject of scientific analysis or practical work.
We address the external effects on public sector efficiency measures acquired using Data Envelopment Analysis. We use the health care system in Russian regions in 2011 to evaluate modern approaches to accounting for external effects. We propose a promising method of correcting DEA efficiency measures. Despite the multiple advantages DEA offers, the usage of this approach carries with it a number of methodological difficulties. Accounting for multiple factors of efficiency calls for more complex methods, among which the most promising are DMU clustering and calculating local production possibility frontiers. Using regression models for estimate correction requires further study due to possible systematic errors during estimation. A mixture of data correction and DMU clustering together with multi-stage DEA seems most promising at the moment. Analyzing several stages of transforming society’s resources into social welfare will allow for picking out the weak points in a state agency’s work.