This article reviews the functions of transaction avoidance in German insolvency law. First it considers the effectiveness of transaction avoidance law from the point of economics. The author evaluates what incentives are created by the actual transaction avoidance provisions and how do they affect the moment the insolvency petition is filed and the possibility of rescuing the company. Separately the author gives the evaluation of strategies of the secured creditors, whose interests are not the same with the general body of creditors. The second part analyzes the prerequisites which are mandatory for the successful avoidance of the transaction.
The article deals with one of the most complex issues of the theory of tax law. The author reveals the concept of "legal construction of taxes", analyses the elements thereof. The article draws attention to the analysis and delimitation of neighboring and similar concepts such as "elements of taxation" and others.
Key words: legal construction of taxes and charges, elements of taxes and charges, elementary composition of taxes and charges, dynamic elements of taxes.