Magnetic phase transitions and linear magnetic dichroism in manganese-doped copper metaborate (Cu,Mn)B2O4
The work presents a study of manganese-doped copper metaborate (Cu, Mn) B2O4 using optical spectroscopy. The temperature of the antiferromagnetic phase transition T-N = 19 K has been defined according to the absorption spectra. Polarization studies (Cu, Mn) B2O4 in isotropic ab-plane show the presence of linear antiferromagnetic dichroism in the magnetically ordered state previously observed in pure copper metaborate CuB2O4. This measurement allows to find the magnetic phase transition into an elliptical structure at the temperature T* = 7.0 K.
Copper borate Cu3(BO3)2 is a complex compound with a layered crystallographic structure in which the Jahn-Teller active and magnetic copper Cu2+ ions occupy 16 nonequivalent positions in the unit cell displaying controversial magnetic behavior. In this paper, we report on the infrared and Raman spectroscopic studies of the lattice dynamics and the electronic structure of 3d9 copper states below the fundamental absorption band. The lattice dynamics is characterized by a large number of phonons due to a low P1 space-group symmetry and a large unit cell with Z = 10. An unusually rich set of phonons was found in the low-energy part of the infrared and Raman spectra below 100 cm−1, which we tentatively assign to interlayer vibrations activated by a crystal superstructure and/or to weak force constants for modes related to some structural groups. Several phonons show anomalous behavior in the vicinity of the magnetic phase transition at TN = 10 K, thus evidencing magnetoelastic interaction. No new phonons were found below TN, which excludes the spin-Peierls type of the magnetic transition. In the region of electronic transitions, a strong broad absorption band centered at ∼1.8 eVis observed, which we assign to overlapping of transitions between the 3d9 states of Cu2+ ions split by the crystal field in nonequivalent positions. The fundamental charge-transfer absorption band edge has a complex structure and is positioned around ∼2.8−3.0 eV.
We report on a new effect caused by the electron-phonon coupling in a stoichiometric rare-earth antiferromagnetic crystal subjected to an external magnetic field, namely, the appearance of a nonzero gap in the spectrum of electronic excitations in an arbitrarily small field. The effect was registered in the low-temperature far-infrared (terahertz) reflection spectra of an easy-axis antiferromagnet PrFe3(BO3)4 in magnetic fields Bext-c. Both paramagnetic and magnetically ordered phases (including a spin-flop one) were studied in magnetic fields up to 30 T, and two bifurcation points were observed. We show that the field behavior of the coupled modes can be successfully explained and modeled on the basis of the equation derived in the framework of the theory of coupled electron-phonon modes, with the same field-independent electron-phonon interaction constant |W|=14.8 cm-1.
In this work, we explore the properties of antiferromagnetic cycloid and the phase transitions between commensurate and incommensurate magnetic states in epitaxial BiFeO3 film. Additional magnetic anisotropy induced by strain effects in the films allocates cycloids with the definite directions of spin rotation. Peculiar feature of the cycloids propagating in the films whose symmetry is different from the single crystals is the orientation of spin rotational plane that does not contain electric polarization in contrast with the bulk materials. We construct a diagram of phase transitions induced by magnetic field applied along normal to the surface and show considerable decrease of the strength of magnetic field destroying cycloid in films compared with the bulk.
The dynamics of a two-component Davydov-Scott (DS) soliton with a small mismatch of the initial location or velocity of the high-frequency (HF) component was investigated within the framework of the Zakharov-type system of two coupled equations for the HF and low-frequency (LF) fields. In this system, the HF field is described by the linear Schrödinger equation with the potential generated by the LF component varying in time and space. The LF component in this system is described by the Korteweg-de Vries equation with a term of quadratic influence of the HF field on the LF field. The frequency of the DS soliton`s component oscillation was found analytically using the balance equation. The perturbed DS soliton was shown to be stable. The analytical results were confirmed by numerical simulations.
Radiation conditions are described for various space regions, radiation-induced effects in spacecraft materials and equipment components are considered and information on theoretical, computational, and experimental methods for studying radiation effects are presented. The peculiarities of radiation effects on nanostructures and some problems related to modeling and radiation testing of such structures are considered.
This volume presents new results in the study and optimization of information transmission models in telecommunication networks using different approaches, mainly based on theiries of queueing systems and queueing networks .
The paper provides a number of proposed draft operational guidelines for technology measurement and includes a number of tentative technology definitions to be used for statistical purposes, principles for identification and classification of potentially growing technology areas, suggestions on the survey strategies and indicators. These are the key components of an internationally harmonized framework for collecting and interpreting technology data that would need to be further developed through a broader consultation process. A summary of definitions of technology already available in OECD manuals and the stocktaking results are provided in the Annex section.