Ripple effect in the supply chain: an analysis and recent literature
In this study, the ripple effect in the supply chain is analysed. Ripple effect describes the impact of a disruption propagation on supply chain performance and disruption-based scope of changes in supply chain structural design and planning parameters. We delineate major features of the ripple effect as compared to the bullwhip effect. Subsequently, we review recent quantitative literature that tackled the ripple effect explicitly or implicitly and give our vision of the state of the art and perspectives. The literature is classified into mathematical optimisation, simulation, control theoretic and complexity and reliability research. We observe the reasons and mitigation strategies for the ripple effect in the supply chain and present the ripple effect control framework that includes redundancy, flexibility and resilience analysis. Even though a variety of valuable insights has been developed in the said area in recent years, some crucial research avenues have been identified for the near future.