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Article

Эрнст Кассирер и Густав Шпет о культуре: перспективы для современной методологии социально-гуманитарного познания

Вопросы философии. 2019. № 1. С. 47-51.

The rapid transformation of modernity and even more rapid attempts of methodological
programs to theoretically grasp and comprehend what is happening led throughout the XX
century to the extraordinary fragmentation of ideas about social reality which, in fact, issued

a theory’s symbolic rejection of the claim to find out the basic structure of society, to deter-
mine the laws of social development. The fluidity of sociality is divided into the study of

cultural studies, sociology, philosophy and a number of other disciplines and sub-disciplines.
At the same time, each of these branches of knowledge has its own research approaches and
attitudes, sometimes extremely different and independent from each other. Nevertheless, the
question of the fundamental methodology of social-humanitarian knowledge cannot and
should not be abolished. In an attempt to find a common denominator for understanding
social reality in its wholeness, the author refers to the legacy of two thinkers of the first half
of the twentieth century: Ernst Cassirer and Gustav Shpet. The central thesis defended in the
article is that the understanding of culture and cultural forms based on historicity and language
in the works of two philosophers in their relation to history and sociality can act as a basis for
rethinking sociality in its completeness and integrity, not just not relativising the overall picture
of understanding, but enriching it.