Разные цели одного общества
What will be the image of a society, if we consider it in the context of life plans of its citizens? How strong is the social commitment to achieve greater well-being through the implementation of life goals in the society? The results of the study show that only 52% of Russians have a conscious and being realized life goals, while the other part of society does not see and/or set any life goals for the future. The proportions of the population with utilitarian, idealistic and mixed goals, identified based on the criterion of connection with material consumption and orientation on themselves or on others are estimated. It is shown that subjectively expected income growth associated with the implementation of utilitarian and mixed life goals is comparable with the average income in Russia. The contribution of individuals’ social status components and self-evaluation of the past achievements to the differentiation of the population by the presence and absence of goals, idealistic and utilitarian nature of goals, by the social nature of the lack of goals is measured. The survey was carried out on the basis of a representative sampling for the Russian Federation in 2017. The overall size of sampling is 700 people.
This chapter analyzes the transmedia strategies of opposition candidate Alexey Navalny’s campaignduring the 2013 Moscow mayoral election. The goal is to highlight how the use of information and com-munication technology contributed to the development of democratic practices in Russia. His westernized,grassroots political campaign was a novelty in the country, involving online fundraising, door-to-doorcanvassing, engagement of volunteers, digital projects, and meetings with voters, for instance. The argu-ment is that, although Navalny lost the election, his candidacy represented advancement in terms of boththe use of new media and the promotion of democratic development in the midst of autocratic Russia. If the progress will be maintained, it remains to be seen. The theoretical framework includes the realityof the Russian political scenario and the conceptualization of transmedia storytelling strategies in thecontext of participatory politics. The methodological approach is based on the transmedia analyticalmodel by Gambarato (2013).
The philosophical and psychological views on the problem of happiness since Aristotle to our days are summarized. Building on both philosophical discussions and recent data of sociological and psychological research, the author reveals two qualitatively distinct phenomena behind the common word “happiness”, that have different attributes and regularities. The firs one is the experience of subjective well-being that is directly associated with the basic needs gratification, while the second one is the experience of enjoyment as the experience of being engaged in some personally meaningful activity or close relationships.
This book presents the history of globalization as a network-based story in the context of Big History. Departing from the traditional historic discourse, in which communities, cities, and states serve as the main units of analysis, the authors instead trace the historical emergence, growth, interconnection, and merging of various types of networks that have gradually encompassed the globe. They also focus on the development of certain ideas, processes, institutions, and phenomena that spread through those networks to become truly global.
The book specifies five macro-periods in the history of globalization and comprehensively covers the first four, from roughly the 9th – 7th millennia BC to World War I. For each period, it identifies the most important network-related developments that facilitated (or even spurred on) such transitions and had the greatest impacts on the history of globalization.
By analyzing the world system's transition to new levels of complexity and connectivity, the book provides valuable insights into the course of Big History and the evolution of human societies.