Пропедевтика параллельных вычислений в школьной информатике: компьютерная игра «Пожарные танки»
The article contains the methodological materials for inclusion of the topic “Parallel Computing” in the school informatics. The computer games “Tank crew”, “Swarm of robots”, “Firefighting vehicles” are considered. The goal of the first game is to program joint actions of tank crew members. The plot of the second game is the putting on foot the space expedition. For this goal, a group of robots should load containers with fuel and food into spacecrafts. Under uniting efforts of several robots, systemic effect is emerged: their physical and intellectual abilities increase. For programming, it means change in the number of performers and their capabilities. In the third game a group of fire engines should fight fire. The game includes the systemic effect of combining the efforts of fire engines, and two new aspects: two levels of parallelism (parallel actions of vehicles and crew members of each vehicle) and dynamic changes in the environment (combustion of objects and the spread of fire depending on the direction and strength of the wind). In the 2018/19 academic year this game is used in interregional Internet contests for schoolchildren and students “Parallel programming – from the cradle (2018)!” and “TRIZformatashka-2019” (interregional competition in informatics, systems analysis and theory of inventive problem solving (TRIZ)).
Propaedeutics of engineering culture in the school should not be limited by familiarity with the school robotics. It is necessary to the development of other components of the engineering culture, such as TRIZ, system analysis, project management, and others. The possible content of these components and the ability of their studying in the "Permian version" of a propaedeutic course of computer science ("TRIZformatics") and contest "TRIZformashka" are discussed.
The problems of identifying latent parallelism in the algorithm by explicitly max (the construction of stacked-parallel form of the algorithm graph) and implicit (the method of streaming - DATA-FLOW - calculations), the development of parallel programs in the MPI-paradigm programming and quantitative research strength calculations for the acceleration parallelization on the parameters of a multiprocessor system and the quality of parallel programs. The manual is practical and can be used by students to prepare for the performance of laboratory and practice of the works, of course and diploma projects. Generated by network applications ra-operability in a multiprocessor environment, architecture MPP (Massively Par-allel Processing); particularly on Linux-cluster computing IT department MGUPI 4. Before working to understand whole con-SPECT lectures on 'Parallel Computing'.
Students' internet usage attracts the attention of many researchers in different countries. Differences in internet penetration in diverse countries lead us to ask about the interaction of medium and culture in this process. In this paper we present an analysis based on a sample of 825 students from 18 Russian universities and discuss findings on particularities of students' ICT usage. On the background of the findings of the study, based on data collected in 2008-2009 year during a project "A сross-cultural study of the new learning culture formation in Germany and Russia", we discuss the problem of plagiarism in Russia, the availability of ICT features in Russian universities and an evaluation of the attractiveness of different categories of ICT usage and gender specifics in the use of ICT.
In this paper we consider choice problems under the assumption that the preferences of the decision maker are expressed in the form of a parametric partial weak order without assuming the existence of any value function. We investigate both the sensitivity (stability) of each non-dominated solution with respect to the changes of parameters of this order, and the sensitivity of the set of non-dominated solutions as a whole to similar changes. We show that this type of sensitivity analysis can be performed by employing techniques of linear programming.