In the article the concept of the electronic document to the Russian legislation, describing the legal status of an electronic document that specifies the location of the electronic document in proof system of criminal and civil procedure, the range of problems in terms of raising the evidentiary value of electronic documents and on the basis of existing international agreements and practical experience in the U.S. this area, offers ways of improving legislation to overcome this legal conflict.
The article analyzes the issues of legal regulation concerning liability for offences in the field of information technology (cybercrime). Author outlines the main issues of regulation in the field of information technology, examines current approaches of Russian lawyers and expressed her own proposals to resolve issues in the designated area.
The article attempts to formulate and comprehend optimal ways of solving problems directly related to the activities to identify, uncover and investigate crimes committed using modern information technologies. Analyzing cybercrime as a new and little-researched social and legal phenomenon, the author sought to find an answer to the question of why, against the backdrop of the scientific achievements of domestic criminalistics, with so many new ideas, concepts, technologies, forensic algorithms and investigation programs, progress in combating it remains unobtrusive? The main reason for this state of affairs he sees in the fact that Russian criminalistics for a long time developed apart from the leading foreign research schools. At the same time, such a state of the world is still preserved, despite the global integration processes that have taken hold practically all the countries of the world. As the main direction of overcoming the crisis phenomena, the author positions the implementation in the scientific resources of domestic criminalistics of modern information technologies in general, and to increase the effectiveness of combating crimes committed using computer and network capabilities, in particular. He considers the fight against them to be an international task, since measures to prevent, detect, uncover and investigate crimes committed using modern information technologies cannot be effective only at the national level, because of the transnational and trans-border nature of the Internet itself. Given the continuing increase in the number of its users, which naturally causes their dependence on the information community and the vulnerability of all kinds of cyber-attacks, a scientific analysis of the current state of investigation of crimes of this kind is made and recommendations are formulated to improve the effectiveness of this activity.
The article discloses special features of composition novellas of the Russian legislation Computer-related fraud taking into account the socio-dangerous act, the socio-dangerous result, the specifics of information relations in the sphere of storage, handling or transmission of computer information, of work of information-telecommunication of networks. In the article are offered recommendations on changing the dispositions of this article in order to improve the fight with cybercrime.
The article is devoted to a particular form of freedom of assembly — the right to counter-demonstrate. The author underlines the value of this right as an element of democratic society, but also acknowledges the risk of violent actions among participants of opposing demonstrations. Due to this risk, the government may adopt adequate measures restricting the right to counter-demonstrate, certain types of which are analyzed in this paper.
Development of standards of international controllability is reviewed in the article. Institutional approach is applied to development of international legal regime of Energy Charter. Definition of controllability is connected to development of international standards of dispute settlement, which are described in the article in detail. In connection with controllability, Russian interest, defense of investment in European Union and ecological investment encouragement, is reviewed in the article.
мировое управление и управляемость, Мировая экономика, международное экономическое право, энергетическая хартия, International control and controllability, International economics, international economic law, Energy Charter
международное частное право; недвижимость; ; школа бартолистов; бартолисты; теория статутов; статуарная теория/