Образ Πότνιος/Πότνια Ἵππιος («Владыки/Владычицы коней») в искусстве Древней Греции VIII–VI вв. до н. э.: проблема выявления и особенности функционирования
In article the image Πότνιος/Πότνια Ἳππιος in Attic and Argive vase painting of the 8th century BC, in plasticity of the small plastic pieces connected generally with finds from Artemis Orphia’s sanctuary in Sparta 7th – the beginnings of the 6th centuries BC is considered. The key iconometric parameters for representation Πότνιος/Πότνια Ἳππιος in
vase painting of the 8th century BC are allocated and also possible iconographic options and the main groups of signs deputies of an antropomofny figure. The carried-out analysis has allowed to note priority use Πότνιος Ἳππιος in vase painting, and Πότνιος/Πότνια Ἳππιος – in small plasticity and also the sufficient similarity to the similar images which are found in petroglyphic art of the Euroasian steppes of II – I millennium BC is noted. In the analysis of monuments with an image Πότνιος/Πότνια Ἳππιος in plasticity of small plastic pieces frequent mixture with an image Πότνιος/Πότνια Θηρῶν is noted and the possible reasons of these art processes are considered. As a working hypothesis the proposal that the popularity of an image Πότνιος/Πότνια Ἳππιος can be proved by specifics of culture genesis of the
separate centers of Ancient Greece (first of all such as Attica, Argolida and Sparta) in 8th – the beginning of the 6th centuries BC is made.