Городская логистика: тренды и вызовы
Urban logistics seems to be a kind of «black box» for researchers and city authorities in the recent years, and as a result, a lot of research is limited to describing individual effects or setting out a course of planning a logistics system in urban conditions without taking into account some of its specific characteristics, such as influences of urban transport and environmental policy, urban spatial development; city authorities in turn prefer purely formal interaction with logistics companies and retail, introducing various kinds of prohibitive measures and without monitoring the results of their implementation. Thanks to the ongoing industrial revolution, radical changes are taking place, and digital technologies allow introduction of new management methods, which leads to fairly radical changes in city logistics. This article presents an overview of the changes that will affect the structure of the logistics chain. These changes are organized into 5 groups of factors: new technologies development, economic, environmental, social factors, external threats. Timely preparation for future changes will allow both logistics companies to correctly allocate available resources in the modernization of the logistics system, and city authorities to amend urban policy in the field of management and coordination of city logistics.