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Антиалкогольная политика в современной России: направления развития и поддержка населения

Колосницына М. Г., Дубынина А. И.

In Russia, the alcohol policy becomes more active. It applies different measures – price and restrictive instruments, as well as information. However, the alcohol policy effectiveness is determined not only by the changes in volumes and externalities of alcohol consumption, but also by attitudes towards it. Alcohol policy effectiveness depends on public opinion on implemented measures. Thus, the aim of this paper is to analyze the level of public alcohol policy support and its factors. The descriptive and regression analysis based on the data from two nation-wide polls in 2011 and 2017 show that, in general, the level of public alcohol policy support in Russia is rather high: from 52 to 97% in 2017, depending on concrete measure. Women and young people are more inclined to support alcohol policy. Unhealthy habits cessation (smoking and alcohol), as well as their initial absence, enhance the likelihood of alcohol policy approval, in comparison with smokers and alcohol consumers. Education that was a correlate of favorable attitude towards alcohol policy measures in 2011 has lost its significance among older people in 2017. Nevertheless, viewing promotions of healthy lifestyle becomes the significant factor increasing probability of alcohol policy support in 2017.