Soft inter-Landau level spin-flip magnetoexciton as a precursor of ferromagnetic instability
We investigate the impact of Coulomb correlations on the low-energy collective excitations in two-dimensional electron systems in the quantum Hall state ν = 2. The collective excitations are studied using inelastic light scattering in the set of MgZnO/ZnO heterostructures with high-mobility two-dimensional electrons. The study focuses on the lowest-energy collective excitations in the paramagnetic state ν = 2, the cyclotron spin-flip magnetoexcitons (CSFMs), which are associated with inter-Landau-level transitions with a simultaneous spin flip. The Coulomb contribution to the CSFM energy is measured independently of the Zeeman term as a function of electron density. It is established that in the range of electron concentrations corresponding to theWigner-Seitz parameter rs ∼ 5–7, the combination of the Coulomb and Zeeman contributions leads to a softening of the CSFM. This softening accompanies spontaneous switching of the spin configuration in the ν = 2 quantum Hall system from paramagnetic to ferromagnetic. Theoretical estimates are given for the correlation energy terms of the CSFM responsible for its softening and a concomitant ferromagnetic transition.
We have experimentally studied the renormalized effective mass m* and Dingle temperature TD in two spin subbands with essentially different electron populations. Firstly, we found that the product m*T_D that determines the damping of quantum oscillations, to the first approximation, is the same in the majority and minority subbands even at a spin polarization degree as high as 66%. This result confirms the theoretical predictions that the interaction takes place at high energies ~EF rather than within a narrow strip of energies EF ± kBT . Secondly, to the next approximation, we revealed a difference in the damping factor of the two spin subbands, which causes skewness of the oscillation line shape. In the absence of the in-plane magnetic field , the damping factor m*T_D is systematically smaller in the spin-majority subband. The difference, quantified with the skew factor γ = (TD↓ − TD↑)/2T_D0 can be as large as 20%. The skew factor tends to decrease as B or temperature grow, or B⊥ decreases; for low electron densities and high in-plane fields, the skew factor even changes sign. Finally, we compared the temperature and magnetic field dependencies of the magneto-oscillation amplitude with predictions of the interaction correction theory, and found, besides some qualitative similarities, several quantitative and qualitative differences. To explain qualitatively our results, we suggested an empirical model that assumes the existence of easily magnetized triplet scatterers on the Si/SiO2 interface.
Magneto-fermionic condensate under study is a Bose-Einstein condensate of cyclotron spin-flip magnetoexcitons in a quantum Hall insulator. This condensate features unique properties such as millisecond range lifetime and hundreds of micrometers of propagation length. In this study, utilizing the photo-induced resonant reflection technique, we measured the exciton escape time. Finally, we estimated the exciton condensate propagation velocity as 25 m/s, which is much higher than a single particle propagation velocity. We also proposed a mechanism of exciton condensation.
We study the thermodynamics of the three-dimensional Hubbard model at half filling on approach to the Néel transition by means of large-scale unbiased diagrammatic determinant Monte Carlo simulations. We obtain the transition temperature in the strongly correlated regime, as well as the temperature dependence of the energy, entropy, double occupancy, and nearest-neighbor spin correlation function. Our results improve the accuracy of previous unbiased studies and present accurate benchmarks in the ongoing effort to realize the antiferromagnetic state of matter with ultracold atoms in optical lattices.
The dynamics of a two-component Davydov-Scott (DS) soliton with a small mismatch of the initial location or velocity of the high-frequency (HF) component was investigated within the framework of the Zakharov-type system of two coupled equations for the HF and low-frequency (LF) fields. In this system, the HF field is described by the linear Schrödinger equation with the potential generated by the LF component varying in time and space. The LF component in this system is described by the Korteweg-de Vries equation with a term of quadratic influence of the HF field on the LF field. The frequency of the DS soliton`s component oscillation was found analytically using the balance equation. The perturbed DS soliton was shown to be stable. The analytical results were confirmed by numerical simulations.
Radiation conditions are described for various space regions, radiation-induced effects in spacecraft materials and equipment components are considered and information on theoretical, computational, and experimental methods for studying radiation effects are presented. The peculiarities of radiation effects on nanostructures and some problems related to modeling and radiation testing of such structures are considered.
This volume presents new results in the study and optimization of information transmission models in telecommunication networks using different approaches, mainly based on theiries of queueing systems and queueing networks .
The paper provides a number of proposed draft operational guidelines for technology measurement and includes a number of tentative technology definitions to be used for statistical purposes, principles for identification and classification of potentially growing technology areas, suggestions on the survey strategies and indicators. These are the key components of an internationally harmonized framework for collecting and interpreting technology data that would need to be further developed through a broader consultation process. A summary of definitions of technology already available in OECD manuals and the stocktaking results are provided in the Annex section.