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The Nexus of a Husband’s Educational Status in Conjunction with Alcohol Consumption on His Tendency to Commit Domestic Violence toward Female Partners in Nigeria, Kyrgyzstan, and Tajikistan

Journal of Population and Social Studies. 2018. Vol. Volume 26 Number 4, October 2018: 281 - 304 DOI: 10.25133/JPSSv26n4.020. No. Number 4. P. 281-304.

Most studies have shown that when men have higher levels of education they are less likely to beat their
wives. Some have also shown that consumption of alcohol tends to be a negative catalyst in provoking
inebriated males to commit domestic violence against their intimate partners. Thus, understanding the
likely causes and/or associated factors of intimate partner violence with ever more concentrated studies
is imperative. Studies in the past have not examined four possible categories of husbands to determine
a correlation to intimate partner violence: those that are educated and tend to be alcoholics, those that
are educated and tend not to drink alcohol, less-educated individuals who tend to be alcoholics, or those
that are less educated and tend to not to be alcoholics. Employing the Demographic and Health Survey
data for Nigeria, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan, this study has shown the likelihood of each category of
husband to perpetrate domestic violence on intimate female parnters in Nigeria, Kyrgyzstan and
Tajikistan using the multivariate logistic regression at a 95% confidence interval. From the research it
has been found that a husband’s educational level in and of itself offers no significant correlation to IPV
perpetration in Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan, whereas in Nigeria, educated men were a little more likely
to perpetrate IPV compared to men with less education as seen in the following: AOR 1.14, CI 1.02-
1.27; p-value < 0.001. In all, alcoholic men were at least 3 times more likely to commit IPV than nonalcoholic
men as suggested in the formula of: CI 3.08-5.56; p-value < 0.001. In Nigeria, men with little
or no education, who lived in rural areas and were non-alcoholics were less likely to perpetrate IPV
compared to their counterparts in urban areas as suggested by AOR 0.75, CI 0.61-0.93; p-value < 0.01,
while alcoholic men with little or no education, who lived in rural areas, showed the strongest proclivity
to beat their wives as suggested in AOR 4.37, CI 3.5-5.42; p-value < 0.001. Alcohol seems to outweight
the effects of education as an instigator of domestic violence. Its introduction consistently increases the
likelihood of IPV and strengthens its statistical significance across sites.

Intimate partner violence; husband; education; alcohol; Nigeria; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan