Business Model Design Themes, Value Propositions and Firm Performance
In this paper we present results of the study of business model design themes of 30 retailers from Russia. We find a positive relationship between the novelty-centred business models and company performance. Furthermore, the companies achieved best performance by combining elements from the efficiency and complementarity business model design themes.
The term “Industry 4.0” has become an increasingly popular in the last few years due to recent developments in cyber‐physical systems, big data, cloud computing, and industrial wireless networks. Intelligent manufacturing has produced a revolutionary change in our day‐to‐day life providing new opportunities. At the same time, organizations face the difficulties doing the business when well‐known practices and tools are not suitable anymore or do not ensure expecting results. Thus, the necessity to new business models accounting for current phase of economic development occurs. Business model is one of important things in business activities and in new industrial and market requirements. The purpose is to study the concept of “Industry 4.0” and analyze approaches to business model design in the digitalization era to understand the gap between theory and practice and determine the future ways of research. The literature review was carried out using the main scientific literature databases, journal articles, conference papers, books and other documentation, as the source of the secondary data. Due to the fact that business models are specific for each company, it’s difficult to assemble all approaches. We may find just aggregate directions. But this paper may be useful to scholars and managers who are interesting in topic of business model design.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.
портовый менеджмент, показатели деятельности, анализ эффективности, система учета, распределение издержек, методы анализа деятельности портовой системы
At present many industries reveal tendency for setting up of vertically integrated companies (VIC) the structure of which unites all technological processes. This tendency proved its efficiency in oil industry where coordination of all successive stages of technological process, namely, oil prospecting and production -oil transportation - oil processing - oil chemistry - oil products and oil chemicals marketing, is necessary. The article considers specific features of introduction of "personnel management" module at enterprises of oil and gas industry.
vertically integrated companies; personnel management