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Regular version of the site

Article

Point vortices in the plane: Positive-dimensional configurations

Journal of Physics: Conference Series. 2017. Vol. 937. P. 1-8.
Demina M.V., Kudryashov N. A., Semenova J.

The problem of constructing and classifying stationary equilibria of point vortices in the plane is studied. An ordinary differential equation that enables one to find positions of point vortices with circulations $Γ_1$, $Γ_2$, and $Γ_3$ in stationary equilibrium is obtained. A necessary condition of an equilibrium existing is derived. The case of point vortex systems consisting of $n + 2$ point vortices with $n$ vortices of circulation $Γ_1$ and two vortices of circulations $Γ_2 = aΓ_1$ and $Γ_3 = bΓ_1$, where $a$ and $b$ are integers, is considered in detail. The properties of polynomial solutions of the corresponding ordinary differential equation are investigated. A set of positive–dimensional equilibrium configurations is found. A continuous free parameter is presented in the coefficients of corresponding polynomial solutions. These free parameters affect the positions of the roots and hence the vortex positions. Stationary equilibrium that could be derived from each other by rotation, extension, parallel translation is considered as equivalent. All found configurations seem to be new.