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Article

Криминологическая профилактика как приоритетная задача ювенальной юстиции

The issues of formation of the juvenile justice in Russia in connection with the unresolved problem of crimes of minors and against minors. The article analyzes the concept of «crime prevention», «criminological prevention», «early prevention», formulated the definition of their copyrights. As part of the activities considered «eligible» subjects, designed to implement early prevention. Analyzed the terms «juvenile justice», «juvenile technologies», the classification and content of juvenile technologies. The thesis that the form of the implementation of the juvenile justice system in the Russian Federation is largely dependent on one legal basis, which has yet to be established. The proposed principles of juvenile justice (juvenile socialization, competence in the implementation of prevention, individual approach when dealing with minors, family support, scientific validity, transparency of operations, authorized entities responsible for their actions) to achieve the criminological prevention purposes. To reform the preventive activity of social protection of employees and other organizations need a solution several groups of tasks: 1) recruitment, logistics, financial support; 2) systematization of normative legal acts on preventive measures against juvenile crimes and protection of their rights;  3) development of modern ways of real reduction of crime among minors, and others. The study revealed the preconditions created in Russia for the formation of the punitive system of juvenile justice. To change the current situation and potential of the juvenile justice system in Russia, in particular, for the first time, it is proposed: to overcome the present confrontation between the authorities and society, to eradicate the stereotype of the punitive activities of social workers and to involve the public. The importance of the use of scientific tools to change the directions of the activity of eligible subjects with predominantly punitive to understand it, in accordance with the course of criminological prevention.