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Regular version of the site
Of all publications in the section: 18
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Article
Panchenko P. N. Russian journal of criminology. 2012. No. 1. P. 21-25.
The author formulates some propositions which together make up the concept of contemporary criminal law, analyzes the associated demands on the criminal legislation and shows the directions for its improvements. The author also argues for the conclusion that the development of criminal law should be somewhat ahead of the state of society because this law, just like all laws together, should contribute to the advance of the rule of law in society, to the renovation of all forms of live activity, to civilized and progressive development.
Added: Feb 5, 2013
Article
Клейменов М. П., Kleymenov I. M. Russian journal of criminology. 2012. No. 1. P. 5-13.
The paper offers proof of the hypothesis that there exists a direct relation between the development of democracy and criminology. The prestige of criminology grows as a country moves towards democracy. Criminology is a science that really ensures the democratization mechanism in a society.
Added: Feb 5, 2013
Article
Yasnitsky L., Vauleva S. V., Safonova D. N. et al. Russian journal of criminology. 2015. No. 9. P. 423-430.

Modern criminalists do not share a common opinion regarding the choice of parameters which could be used to work out a system of characteristics to differentiate a maniac killer from an ordinary person. This hinders the development of efficient software for investigation purposes. The paper describes the experience of developing a neural network that can learn using data about known serial killers, including their biological, social and psychological parameters. The authors also evaluate the errors of this neural network’s mathematical model, prove its adequacy and present a study which allowed to work out a comparative evaluation of the impact that different parameters have on the modeling result, i.e. a person’s predisposition to violence. They prove that the most important parameters include: a psychiatric disorder, alcoholic parents, growing up with parents, family status, social status. The impact that some parameters have on the predisposition to committing serial murders is shown using the data of actual persons in virtual computer experiments. Their results revealed some interesting regularities. For example, it was shown that if some maniac killers had children, this would reduce their predisposition to violence whereas for some others it would not. The same was observed when researching the impact of other parameters, such as the gravity of the psychiatric disorder, social and family status, etc. To determine how predisposed to serial crimes a certain person is, it is necessary to conduct a complex analysis of all the parameters in a mathematical model. Computer software based on this mathematical model was adapted for crime detection specialists. It is in open access on the website of Perm Branch of Artificial Intelligence Methodology Research Council of Russian Academy of Sciences. This software can be used by investigators of serial crimes at the initial stages of investigation when it is necessary to process large volumes of data regarding potential suspects.

Added: Feb 20, 2016
Article
Панченко П. Н. Всероссийский криминологический журнал. 2009. № 1. С. 5-10.

The paper shows that the effectiveness of fighting crime could be considerably increased through supplementing the traditional law enforcement activities as exercised by the special authorities (internal affairs departments, prosecutor's offices, etc.) with the activities of state power bodies with general jurisdiction that would be specifically aimed at protecting legal order against crimes with the assistance of different civil society institutions and the community.

Added: Nov 24, 2012
Article
Ясницкий Л. Н., Ваулева С. В., Сафонова Д. Н. и др. Всероссийский криминологический журнал. 2015. Т. 9. № 3. С. 423-430.

Modern criminalists do not share a common opinion regarding the choice of parameters which could be used to work out a system of characteristics to differentiate a maniac killer from an ordinary person. This hinders the development of efficient software for investigation purposes. The paper describes the experience of developing a neural network that can learn using data about known serial killers, including their biological, social and psychological parameters. The authors also evaluate the errors of this neural network’s mathematical model, prove its adequacy and present a study which allowed to work out a comparative evaluation of the impact that different parameters have on the modeling result, i.e. a person’s predisposition to violence. They prove that the most important parameters include: a psychiatric disorder, alcoholic parents, growing up with parents, family status, social status. The impact that some parameters have on the predisposition to committing serial murders is shown using the data of actual persons in virtual computer experiments. Their results revealed some interesting regularities. For example, it was shown that if some maniac killers had children, this would reduce their predisposition to violence whereas for some others it would not. The same was observed when researching the impact of other parameters, such as the gravity of the psychiatric disorder, social and family status, etc. To determine how predisposed to serial crimes a certain person is, it is necessary to conduct a complex analysis of all the parameters in a mathematical model. Computer software based on this mathematical model was adapted for crime detection specialists. It is in open access on the website of Perm Branch of Artificial Intelligence Methodology Research Council of Russian Academy of Sciences. This software can be used by investigators of serial crimes at the initial stages of investigation when it is necessary to process large volumes of data regarding potential suspects.

Added: Oct 1, 2015
Article
Иванова А. А. Всероссийский криминологический журнал. 2016. Т. 10. № 4. С. 671-681.

Considered one of the most important components of the system of criminological determination – criminal culture. This component is represented as a multi-purpose mechanism, as in the inner subsystem of the self, or causality) and external (conditionality, or determination) of crime.

The focus is on two broad functions of criminal culture.

One of them turned to a life of crime as a socio-legal phenomenon, or self-determination, which is implemented in the energy of self-assertion and psychological defense. If this assertion triggers the expansion effect, which determines the expansive function of the criminal culture. The activity of this function are closely interrelated with the external environment, relationships or crime. This relationship is a fundamental component of quality acts another function, designed to optimize the external relations of crime. This effect is particularly expressive is evident in the prison conditions, where there is a suitable «rebirth» of the criminal culture in prison subculture. This kind of criminal subculture has the highest degree of reproduction of crime.

Criminal culture is considered as a complex system factor in crime and object of the appropriate, the system of law enforcement countermeasures. This means that to ensure effective combating criminal culture is only possible on a systematic approach. Moreover, anti-criminal potential of the system counter must exceed the criminal potential of that charged crime.

Analyzed outwardly subtle but inwardly very profound destructive destructive impact of criminal culture on the moral-legal consciousness of people, especially on the personality of the offender. This article discusses the most important elements of a criminal culture in the mechanism of criminalization of personality. Uses the theoretical developments of the famous Russian criminologist, Professor O. V. Starkov related to the mechanism linking precriminal and criminal behavior.

The conclusions of theoretical analysis of the problem substantiated with empirical base is largely represented by the materials applied criminological research conducted by the author. Measures to counter the criminal culture in the development of existing previously in the criminological literature of ideas with regard to criminal culture. Expresses the idea of the scientific study of mechanisms of influence of criminal culture on the legal consciousness and legal culture in particular refers to methods and tools that are utilized in these mechanisms. They defy categorization, proposed by the author.

Added: Jan 17, 2017
Article
Иванова А. А. Всероссийский криминологический журнал. 2018. Т. 12. № 4. С. 505-514.

The issues of formation of the juvenile justice in Russia in connection with the unresolved problem of crimes of minors and against minors. The article analyzes the concept of «crime prevention», «criminological prevention», «early prevention», formulated the definition of their copyrights. As part of the activities considered «eligible» subjects, designed to implement early prevention. Analyzed the terms «juvenile justice», «juvenile technologies», the classification and content of juvenile technologies. The thesis that the form of the implementation of the juvenile justice system in the Russian Federation is largely dependent on one legal basis, which has yet to be established. The proposed principles of juvenile justice (juvenile socialization, competence in the implementation of prevention, individual approach when dealing with minors, family support, scientific validity, transparency of operations, authorized entities responsible for their actions) to achieve the criminological prevention purposes. To reform the preventive activity of social protection of employees and other organizations need a solution several groups of tasks: 1) recruitment, logistics, financial support; 2) systematization of normative legal acts on preventive measures against juvenile crimes and protection of their rights;  3) development of modern ways of real reduction of crime among minors, and others. The study revealed the preconditions created in Russia for the formation of the punitive system of juvenile justice. To change the current situation and potential of the juvenile justice system in Russia, in particular, for the first time, it is proposed: to overcome the present confrontation between the authorities and society, to eradicate the stereotype of the punitive activities of social workers and to involve the public. The importance of the use of scientific tools to change the directions of the activity of eligible subjects with predominantly punitive to understand it, in accordance with the course of criminological prevention.

Added: Oct 31, 2018
Article
Клейменов И. М. Всероссийский криминологический журнал. 2011. № 1. С. 5-13.
Added: Oct 9, 2011
Article
Маркунцов С. А., Вассмер М. П. Всероссийский криминологический журнал. 2021. Т. 15. № 2. С. 238-247.

Using a broad understanding of criminal law risks, their classification, and issues examined within the recently proposed theory of criminal riskology, the   authors conclude that it is necessary to apply this theory to the research of public relations in the field of counteracting corruption, and specifically, to assess criminal law risks of corruption in the private sector, or commercial corruption. In this connection, alongside the group of corruption-related crimes, corruption crimes that are included in the Russian doctrine of criminal law and criminology, they propose specifying an independent group of crimes in the field of anticorruption compliance, which are based on criminal breach of contracts of service in commercial or other organizations and, primarily, crimes connected with commercial bribery. The authors also use their assessment of Russian and German criminal legislation and the practice of its enforcement to conduct a general analysis of crimes that could be classified as crimes in the field of anticorruption compliance. According to the authors, such crimes include corruption-related crimes proper if they are characterized by specific crime-indication features as well as so-called accompanying crimes (mainly, economic ones). Although a compilation of a full list of corresponding crimes is not included in the scope of this article, the authors believe that it will directly depend on the maximally precise understanding of the «picture» of criminal law risks of corruption in the private sector. They come to the conclusion that the system of crimes in the field of anticorruption compliance differs in its quantitative and qualitative characteristics from the systems of corruption-related crimes and corruption crimes. Separating crimes in the field of anticorruption compliance as a separate group alongside corruption-related crimes (corruption crimes) will make it possible to examine the mechanisms of committing such crimes more thoroughly, to work out special measures of their prevention, to conduct a detailed analysis of their criminological features and, in general, will contribute to the improvement of the system of counteracting corruption within the frameworks of not only Russian, but also German practice of law enforcement.  

Added: May 2, 2021
Article
Жалинский А. Э. Всероссийский криминологический журнал. 2010. № 1. С. 5-11.

The paper considers the following: the legal background for fighting money laundering in the Russian Federation; the organization of this fighting; research support of counteracting money laundering and criminal policy opportunities in this process. The author analyzes the issues of applying the criminal law norms that regulate the liability for money laundering.

 

Added: Oct 25, 2012
Article
Маркунцов С. А. Всероссийский криминологический журнал. 2012. № 3. С. 22-27.

The author examines the correlation between criminology and criminal law sociology as a component of criminal law science. In particular, he studies the issue of confrontation between criminology and criminal law, their final demarcation and the recognition of criminology as the dominant science among criminal law disciplines. Using the analysis of fundamental textbooks of criminology the author concludes that leading Russian criminologists do not even agree on a common approach to defining the essence of this science, its object, its place in the system of other disciplines as well as that criminology cannot encompass a group of essentially social issues directly connected with the theory of penal prohibitions that should be studied within the framework of criminal law sociology. That is why criminologists should determine which criminology our country needs and should agree on its fundamental propositions.

Added: Nov 22, 2012
Article
Долотов Р. О. Всероссийский криминологический журнал. 2014. № 3. С. 26-32.

The article describes the structure of cost of crime to society. The structure is based on time parameters that represent successive stages of criminological activity. The author defines 3 main elements of crime cost: 1) cost of potential victims, society and state related to expectation of crime; 2) real damage to victims, society and state by individual crimes; 3) costs related to society and authorities’ reaction to individual crimes. The author analyses methodological basis that are required to develop methods to estimate costs related to society and authorities’ reaction to individual crimes (especially, the costs directed to maintenance of authorities that are involved in crime counteraction as well as in other activity. The author suggests his own method of estimation of state costs related to criminal trials. The method is based on time spent on criminal trials (proceedings). The author concludes that it is necessary to develop new regulations on Judges’ workload.

Added: Nov 8, 2014
Article
Малеванова Ю. В., Ишеков К. А., Черкасов К. В. Всероссийский криминологический журнал. 2019. Т. 13. № 3. С. 426-437.

The current period of development of legislation in the field of combating corruption is characterized by dispersion and disunity regulatory legal acts regulating the activities of public authorities and management at the Central and interregional levels. The Federal law "on combating corruption" is of a framework nature and does not solve all the problems of preventing and combating corruption, facing before the modern Russian state. In connection with the above, the relevance of this study is obvious. The authors of the article aim to determine the main directions and methods of systematization of the legislation regulating the sphere of anti-corruption state activities. Having analyzed a significant array of normative legal acts on combating corruption at the Federal and regional levels interregional management, having researched foreign experience, the authors come to the conclusion about the need to develop the Federal law " on counteraction corruption", including through the systematization of the rules governing the relevant sphere of state activity. The authors are convinced that the effectiveness of anti-corruption legislation could a significant increase in the application of the "package" principle of streamlining legislation related to the development of the basic normative legal act - the law on combating corruption - and bringing into compliance with it of the acts which are not corresponding to this legislative act, and also the edition of other specifying documents of the standard maintenance. The application of a systematic approach to combating corruption also requires the revision and improvement of certain provisions of the National strategy anti-corruption, which should reflect the analysis of the situation on anti-corruption policy in the country, assessment of the effectiveness of the existing systems, monitoring and auditing, as well as anti-corruption policy tools. The article also presents the position on the development and modernization of the legal framework of the organization of public authorities and management, functioning at the Central and interregional levels, in terms of clarification and optimization of establishment and differentiation of competence in the sphere of anti-corruption. It is concluded that at present in Russia the creation of a separate specialized anti-corruption body is impractical due to the lack of conditions necessary for its establishment.

Added: Oct 31, 2019
Article
Есаков Г. А., Коробеев А. И. Всероссийский криминологический журнал. 2014. № 1. С. 144-153.

The article is devoted to the ‘hate crimes’ concept in the American criminal law. The discussion is concerned around the definition of the hate crimes and its development in the history of criminal legislation; statistical data are briefly analyzed. Authors describe the specific features of modelling the hate crimes in the federal criminal law and criminal legislation of states summarizing two main approaches, namely creation the specific aggravated crime or alternatively specific rules of applying punishment for hate motivated crime. The constitutional and social issues concerning the hate crimes concept are also analyzed in the article including the problem of infringement of the freedom of speech in context of criminalizing the hate motivated crimes. The authors delineate the parallels with the extremist crimes in the Russian criminal law.

Added: Mar 25, 2014
Article
Клеймёнов М. П., Клейменов И. М. Всероссийский криминологический журнал. 2010. № 2. С. 13-20.
Added: Jan 25, 2011
Article
Панченко П. Н. Всероссийский криминологический журнал. 2012. № 1. С. 21-25.
Added: Mar 12, 2014
Article
Берзинь О. А. Всероссийский криминологический журнал. 2013. № 3. С. 121-128.

Providing a legislative framework for the term of Illegal trafficking as an illegal and criminally punishable act is considered as a regulatory guide for its governmental counteraction. The author

demonstrates the need for the term of Illegal trafficking study due to recent criminal and customs laws changes in Russia. The article provides results of research on origins of the term of Illegal trafficking in Russian legislation. These results reveal that in the pre-revolutionary period the term was set in customs laws. Meanwhile, the author states that the term was used to describe any activity related to secret movement of goods across the customs border or despite them or to describe evasion of taxes

and custom duties. The Soviet customs law provided even wider definition of the illegal trafficking term. It also included a list of associated activities. Modern Russian legislation also defined the term differently. Besides, the term is used both in customs and criminal law. Since illegal trafficking in Russia is defined as criminally punishable act in customs law, the author closely studies interrelation between the criminal and customs legislation relating to illegal trafficking definition. The author states

that current criminal law definition can not be defined without customs regulations. The author also analyses customs legislation, points out its weaknesses and suggests ways of optimization.

Added: Sep 22, 2013
Article
Долотов Р. О. Всероссийский криминологический журнал. 2012. № 3. С. 15-21.
Added: Nov 8, 2014