Комбинирование метода встречных планов и метода обратных приоритетов для распределения фонда мотивации научных лабораторий
Abstract: An incentive model for an organizational system (OS) agent is considered, using a combination of the method of inverted priorities and a modified counterplan method. The resulting model motivates the agent to report the planned KPI value, which coincides with the agent's forecast and at the same time stimulates the agent to submit an adequate application for the resource. The model allows the OS center to allocate a dedicated resource to run each KPI between agents so that in addition to reporting adequate plans, agents are committed to their implementation. Restrictions are imposed on the model parameters, in which the choice of an agent equal to its own forecast is a dominant strategy (DS), provided that the agent submits the optimal (according to the method of inverted priorities) requests for the resource. It is proved that such a choice for all OS agents is an equilibrium in DS. The procedure for determining the planned KPI values for OS agents and resource allocation between agents is described. The model parameters determined by the OS center, taking into account the imposed restrictions, allow selecting the required priorities for agent motivation and distributing a motivational fund in accordance with the priorities identified by the center. An example of the application of the model for stimulating scientific laboratories for the preparation of students is given.
Currently, the tasks of ensuring the quality and stability of the provided IT services are extremely topical. In the operation of the composite applications, the problem of increasing the effectiveness of incident management is a complex technical problem, the solution of which requires the use of the simulation methods. In the work, the integration platform Ensemble of InterSystems Company was considered as a basis for designing integration solutions. Given the architectural features of the integration platforms, a mathematical model of the incident management process in the Ensemble integration platform is proposed. This mathematical model was used to develop algorithms for identifying and classifying incidents. The results of the work can be used in the design and development of incident management information systems, as well as in organizing the work of technical support services for IT companies
Principles of constructing balanced system of logistic efficiency are viewed. (BSC) Basic advantages, which allow to implement management on the base of logistic BSC are shown. Methodology of calculating logistic KPI in trade company on the example of warehousing business-process, in particular consignment, completion and dispatch at distributing center of retail network is adduced.
It is shown, that key indices of activity of other subdivisions of logistic department: operational department, transport-forwarding department, control-auditorial group should also be included into logistic BSC in trade company. Designed system of indices is connected with system of motivating personnel, whilst individual rewarding for positive results is tied to completion of established standards of KPI. Examples of calculating influence of logistics on return on capital basing on model of strategic profit.
This article covers project-oriented approach of foreign language studies.
Even having had an IT strategy approved and accepted, the CIO cannot be assured that it will be realized fully or even partially. The fact that the CIO was able to prove the necessity of changes in IT and to push the IT strategy forward does not mean at all that all will go like clockwork later on. Actually, most likely it will be the other way round and IT Department will have to overcome several lines of active or passive resistance.
In such situations, in order to avoid open confrontation with opponents, the CIO has to use special mechanisms for smoothing out any disturbances whenever any options taken or to be taken bring about uncertainty or inconsistency. There are some basic political strategies at the CIO’s disposal which he can apply during implementation of corporate information systems, including engagement, convincing, and compulsion.
However if the CIO is neither a skilled politician nor a psychologist, it would be difficult for him to understand why obviously successful technological solutions should meet furious resistance from employees whose work those solutions would make easer. We believe that neither the CIO nor any other company officer having influence should engage, convince or compel. Those tasks should be done by KPIs (Key Performance Indicators) based on the corporate strategy, the main task of the CIO being to identify human factor risks and to offer correct KPIs to minimize those risks.
The basic risk at the level of operational personnel is resistance to changes generated by inclination to keep familiar environments and tools. This should be dealt with by the middle management. The basic KPIs for this level are those related to retraining and motivating staff, including motivation to use new technologies and be engaged in projects for their implementation.
The basic risks at the level of middle managers are resistance to using transparent business processes and sharing information with others. This should be dealt with by the top managers. The basic tools to influence middle manager are KPIs in the field of cost price, labor and employee efficiency. Building and ensuring availability of the corporate knowledge base are important for influencing middle managers too.
Resistance at the level of top managers is due to the fact that IT implementation affects the business and can disturb the established balance of top manager interests and influences. The possibility of influencing top managers is extremely limited. In order to convince top managers the CEO can use indicators of the quality of business process performance, such as the time, the cost, the number of failures, etc.
At the CEO level the basic risk is the lack of political will. This can be overcome only through sufficient pressure from above (i.e. the owners) for the investment plan to be complied with, and by using the corresponding indicator.
The paper presents these groups of KPIs in greater detail and provides examples of specific KPIs that the CIO should insist on including in corporate strategy.
It is shown, that leading role in supply chain management belongs to procedures of controlling business processes, and besides in majority of cases reconstruction of planning, accounting and economic analysis is necessary, first of all in focus-company in supply chain. Fuction is viewed and sequence of working out and implementing procedure of controlling logistic business processes in supply chain is offered. General sceme of controlling process of logistic business processes in supply chain is worked out. It is shown, that SCOR-model and strategic card of 'KPI gaps» (SCORe-card), which let implement benchmarking and strategic positioning of supply chain in competitive business area, are contemporary tools of controlling logistics in supply chain. The example of forming KPI evaluation of logistic business processes efficiency and SCORe-card for controlling aims is given.
We consider certain spaces of functions on the circle, which naturally appear in harmonic analysis, and superposition operators on these spaces. We study the following question: which functions have the property that each their superposition with a homeomorphism of the circle belongs to a given space? We also study the multidimensional case.
We consider the spaces of functions on the m-dimensional torus, whose Fourier transform is p -summable. We obtain estimates for the norms of the exponential functions deformed by a C1 -smooth phase. The results generalize to the multidimensional case the one-dimensional results obtained by the author earlier in “Quantitative estimates in the Beurling—Helson theorem”, Sbornik: Mathematics, 201:12 (2010), 1811 – 1836.
We consider the spaces of function on the circle whose Fourier transform is p-summable. We obtain estimates for the norms of exponential functions deformed by a C1 -smooth phase.