Biographies are used in teaching a wide range of subjects, thus representing a universal type of material that can be valuable in a TESL classroom. The benefits of this study bear relevance to assessing writing strategies that may be used by experts in a variety of fields of inquiry. The article focuses on assessing stylistic variation in biographical texts in English, using the material of a number of highly acclaimed biographies of Sir Winston Spencer Churchill. The article contains an analysis of the conceptual and linguistic parameters of stylistic variation in biographical texts (based on modern biographies of W.S. Churchill written by authors for whom English is their first language). The study considers a number of linguistic levels: morphology and vocabulary – in connection with the kinds of inherent and adherent connotations conveyed; minor and major kinds of syntax are studied in relation to the stylistic neutrality and non-neutrality of the units under investigation. The functioning of nouns, adjectives, verbs and adverbs is analyzed in order to establish the type of general conceptual characteristics the texts demonstrate. A specialized and non-emotional type of content is based on the predominance of formal, specialized connotations; an emotional and non-specialized type of content is, on the contrary, constituted by emotional, expressive and evaluative connotations. The analytic technique developed shows that there is a correlation between the conceptual characteristics of a biographical text and the kind of argumentation it contains. The specialized and non-emotional type of content correlates with arguments supported by factual data; the emotional and non-specialized type corresponds to arguments lacking references to other sources. The results of the analysis undertaken can be applied to making courses on stylistics of the English and other languages. The conclusions can be used to outline a writing strategy for professional journalists, historians, writers, politicians, economists, etc.
The review examines a new edition of the book “Sawinkow” by a Polish researcher A.S. Kowalczyk which is devoted to a famous politician and terrorist B.V. Savinkov. It coincides with the anniversary of the Russian Revolution and the fact that one of the streets in Warsaw was named after Boris Savinkov. The book is structured chronologically and covers the entire life of Boris Savinkov. Despite the fact that the information in it is mostly correct, there is a number of inappropriate simplifications and factual errors. The review features the text composition, its strengths and weaknesses.
This paper presents the findings of a research conducted in Russian and French archives which sheds new light on early life and intellectual biography of a famous philosopher and historian of science Alexandre Koyré (1892-1964). During the investigation some important details of his revolutionary activity in Russian Empire were discovered. A special attention is paid to the history of Koyré’s family and to his relation to social-revolutionary groups in Rostov-on-Don. Documents found among historical police records kept in the State Archive of the Russian Federation give a possibility to better understand a history of the police and juridical persecution of Koyré during his late scholar years in Rostov. They give also a definitive answer to the question on exact year of Koyré’s arrival in Gottingen when he became a disciple of Edmund Husserl.
Apart from the public sphere and the norms set by society, the private sphere plays an important role in the lives of the disabled, including the personal experience of disability at a micro level: in their families, everyday routines and romantic relationships. In this chapter, issues of family structure are considered using a narrative analysis of interviews with women who use wheelchairs. Various cultural, social, economic and political determinants effect the formation of certain types of family structure and attitudes towards family life. At the same time, they interrelate with biographical factors that reinforce or weaken the limits of freedom and private life. Using narrative analysis, I demonstrate what role family plays in constructing the identity of a person with a disability, and how family members act as coauthors of individual biographies. This can be seen in those dilemmas of family life associated with the feelings, sexuality and emotional stability at the micro-level of the life experience and identification of women with disabilities.