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Article

К изучению персонального состава землевладельцев Северо-Запада Новгородской земли конца XV века

Rossica Antiqua. 2017. № 1. С. 122-143.

The article is study of history of svoezemtsy (self-owners) and pyatiobezhniki (5-obzha-owners) ranks shaping in the North-West border of Novgorod Land immediately after the fall of independent Novgorod. The issue of the new rank-constructing by Muscovite secretaries in dependence of concrete political-geographical circumstances is under consideration. The language of acts and deeds was created just by occasion as a reply to the challenge of diversity of Muscovite state. Narva area as a borderland where just in late 15th century the confrontation was bloated, was a special polygon of complicated new hierarchy building.
Cultural gap between Christian West and East had determinate early appearance of borderline concept between Novgorod and Livonian Order and also between Novgorod and Sweden. The borderlands along Narova changed greatly after including Novgorod in the Muscovite empire. It was the point where Muscovy had firstly touched with Western civilization. Novgorod which had been speaking on the same language of liberal values, was changed with Muscovy always ready to expanse. That led to cultural and intellectual conflict in borderline communication.
Building Ivangorod on Narova in front of Narva fortress was not an action of trade concurrency but of military confrontation. The space between Narova and Luga was divided into small parts given to servicemen with duty to defend both fortresses. The settlement system on the right bank of Narova had changed principally. There is enough data to have a prosopographical study on the servicemen social group; also to study the evolution of this group in 1490s – 1617. Livonia did not succeed in reaction on the challenges appeared in 1470s in its East border. The diffusion space of Narova river with common usage of the river and local trade in late 15th c. was changed with impervious limit with violence escalation from the Muscovite side.
The possibility of identification of ranks and social groups is contested in the article. The issue of the development of rank system in the direction of simplification is considered.