Enhancing Innovation Performance in Companies
The article focuses on how to enhance the innovation performance in companies. It looks at the factors that define innovative activities at companies as well as the various kinds of corporate innovations. The author stresses importance of special training programs for managers, and suggests the need to take the specifics of local economic, cultural, and other factors into account when implementing relevant educational and policy initiatives aimed at fostering innovation.
Rapid growth of the new materials sector represents one of the most promising scientific and technological trends on which depends the growth of key sectors of the national economy. This paper focuses on Foresight for the field of new materials and gives special consideration to the case study of prospects of carbon fibres, which is one of the most promising areas of new materials. We suggest using roadmapping as a final stage of Foresight. Integrated roadmapping represents a combination of desk research, expert procedures, and scenario development. It provides a comprehensive approach to the strategic development of the subject area within the unique time scale, containing indicators of the quantifying economic effectiveness of the potentially prospective technologies and products that possess high demand potential and attractive consumer properties.
Article touches upon with a set of national and foreign Foresight projects devoted to future development of aviation industry including S&T Foresight until 2025, launched by the Institute for Statistical Studies and Economics of Knowledge, National Research University “Higher School of Economics” (ISSEK HSE). Special attention focuses on Roadmap “Use of nanotechnologies in aviation industry”.