Россия, США и концепция гегемонии: дискурсивный анализ
The article focuses on the Russian and American discourse regarding the status quo and a hegemon’s role in the contemporary international system. It is the American hegemonism origins, including messianism, and the hegemonic stability theory as its theoretical justification that are particularly emphasized. The article shows that the USA ensuring the efficient operation of the international system for everyone’s benefit may be the only acceptable version of the USA leadership for Russia.
Review: Hoffmann D.L. (2018) Vzraschivanie mass. Modernoe gosudarstvo i sovetskiy sotsializm. 1914–1939 (Cultivating the Masses. Modern State Practices and Soviet Socialism. 1914– 1939). М.: Novoe literaturnoe obozrenie.
The article deal with some tendencies in research of Soviet history in contemporary “revisionist” literature.
The paper presents an analysis of the conditions and characteristics that affect the actions and decisions of political actors in a revolutionary situation. I considered the most important theoretical concepts that reveal the causes of revolutions, and possible ways out of the crisis. The author answers the question of whether political actors, on the basis of available information and ideas about rationality, can make optimal decisions that can exit the revolutionary situation without a sharp change in the political regime. To find solutions that cannot prevent or mitigate the consequences of the revolution, I used in the work the theoretical tools of the neo-institutional concept of veto players, and consider the concepts of policy stability — the main dependent variable in analysis, the configuration of veto players — the intermediate theoretical concept explaining this stability and the political Institute — the main independent variable. Within the framework of the proposed concept, the focus is on the rules of the game and actors, which allows blocking the adoption of a decision. As a result, there are three strategic directions that formal individual veto players can choose in a revolutionary situation. The author comes to the conclusion that the optimal solution should be sought in the deliberate creation of political instability with the help of changes in the political status quo. The main condition for non-violent exit from the revolutionary situation is the desire to develop and use political instability in a constructive way, namely: to initiate a significant change in the political status quo, reduce the influence of formal veto players on a negative agenda, rebuild the institutional structure, taking into account informal practices and public support.
The article deals with the processes of building the information society and security in the CIS in accordance with modern conditions. The main objective is to review existing mechanisms for the formation of a common information space in the Eurasian region, regarded as one of the essential aspects of international integration. The theoretical significance of the work is to determine the main controls of the regional information infrastructure, improved by the development of communication features in a rapid process.The practical component consists in determining the future policies of the region under consideration in building the information society. The study authors used historical-descriptive approach and factual analysis of events having to do with drawing the contours of today's global information society in the regional refraction.
The main result is the fact that the development of information and communication technologies, and network resources leads to increased threats of destabilization of the socio-political situation in view of the emergence of multiple centers that generate the ideological and psychological background. Keeping focused information policy can not be conceived without the collective participation of States in the first place, members of the group leaders of integration - Russia, Belarus and Kazakhstan. Currently, only produced a comprehensive approach to security in the information field in the Eurasian region, but the events in the world, largely thanks to modern technology, make the search for an exit strategy with a much higher speed. The article contributes to the science of international relations, engaging in interdisciplinary thinking that is associated with a transition period in the development of society. A study of current conditions in their relation to the current socio-political patterns of the authors leads to conclusions about the need for cooperation with the network centers of power in the modern information environment, the formation of alternative models of networking, especially in innovation and scientific and technical areas of information policy, and expanding the integration of the field in this region on the information content.
This special publication for the 2012 New Delhi Summit is a collection of articles by government officials from BRICS countries, representatives of international organizations, businessmen and leading researchers.
The list of Russian contributors includes Sergei Lavrov, Foreign Minister of Russia, Maxim Medvedkov, Director of the Trade Negotiations Department of the Russian Ministry of Economic Development, Vladimir Dmitriev, Vnesheconombank Chairman, Alexander Bedritsky, advisor to the Russian President, VadimLukov, Ambassador-at-large of the Russian Foreign Affairs Ministry, and representatives of the academic community.
The publication also features articles by the President of Kazakhstan NursultanNazarbayev and internationally respected economist Jim O’Neil, who coined the term “BRIC”. In his article Jim O’Neil speculates about the future of the BRICS countries and the institution as a whole.
The publication addresses important issues of the global agenda, the priorities of BRICS and the Indian Presidency, the policies and competitive advantages of the participants, as well as BRICS institutionalization, enhancing efficiency and accountability of the forum.