The ASEM Forum has been the only platform to promote cooperation in the entire Eurasia for the last 20 years. Linking this experience to the current Eurasian bid for becoming a global center of gravity can stimulate cooperative trends in relations between the global actors and the establishment of a stable and balanced global security system. A significant contribution to that might be made by the Russian Federation, all the more so since Russia and ASEM are gaining increasingly higher ranks in each other’s priorities.
The COVID-19 pandemic has subjected international rela-tions to a severe stress test – at the level of both individual states and multilateral associations. Among the obvious challenges are the economic crisis, the crisis of global governance, the growth of protectionist and isolationist senti-ments, the growing military confrontation along the US–China axis. The article focuses on two important areas of integration of the Greater Eurasia project – in the field of defense and security and in the economic sphere in the context of the pandemic. The first part of the article examines the challenges associated with the defense and security sector of Greater Eurasia, using the example of military cooperation between China and Russia. It is concluded that by 2016, an «aver-age» level of military interaction had been achieved in Russian–Chinese rela-tions, which opens up opportunities for further integration. However, given that relations between the two great powers are built on the basis of respect for national interests and sovereign equality, further military integration of Russia and China is being questioned. It is noted that in the face of growing con-tradictions between the PRC and the United States, the pandemic contributed to a more self-confident and assertive behavior of Beijing in the foreign arena. The second part of the article examines the economic and geographical dimension of the integration of Greater Eurasia on the example of relations between the Russian Federation and the PRC in the trade and economic sphere. It is indicated that the absence of an agreement on an additional reduction in oil production between Saudi Arabia, Russia and other OPEC+ countries and the corresponding collapse of oil prices have a significant impact on the development of economic integration in Greater Eurasia. Scenarios for the further economic development of this regional international community after the pandemic are proposed.
In world history, 2020 will forever remain a year of serious humanitarian and economic upheavals that have further changed the geopolitical alignment of key actors in the system of international relations. In this regard, the concepts of Greater Eurasia and Greater Europe, which were held as two significant narratives present in the international academic and political discussion, are particularly interesting.
The main questions of this research are whether consensus is possible and what are the prospects for geopolitical interaction between the projects of Greater Eurasia and Greater Europe, taking into account the interests of Russia, how will this affect the system of international relations and the environment of macro-regional security? The article discusses the opportunities for cooperation between Greater Eurasia and Greater Europe, as well as the key principles of internal interaction between the participants. Russia, being a key link in this context, can act as a guarantor of trade and economic, geostrategic and political stability.
The authors conclude that Greater Eurasia and greater Europe are geopolitical representations created by the key actors of the European and Eurasian space for various options for adapting their plans to reality, and conflicts and security challenges that arise on the periphery of these two associations and their great powers can jeopardize not only European but also the entire global security. To prevent this, countries need to review the existing Eurasian and European security architecture, based on the principles of mutual respect, cooperation and parity.
The article is based entirely on qualitative analysis and does not refer to quantitative arguments or statistical data. The methodological platform for the research is the geopolitical analysis.
The interaction between SFRY and EEC dates back to the 1960s/ During the Yugoslav crisis of the 1990s the EU tried to mediate conflicts but failed. NADO and USA took the lead. The early XXI century saw another attempt of the EU to stabilize and modernize the Balkans. Since its efforts to some extent impotent, NATO once again dominates the regional crisis management. The confrontation between Russia and the West may trigger destabilization in the region which faces growing internal contradictions.
This article responds to the question of whether the tensions and conflicts in international relations today are only a repetition of the Cold War, or the international community observes a different process. Advancement in the discussion on this topic would prompt the modern generation of politicians and experts on the usefulness of the Cold War experience dating back to 1947–1989 for interaction between the great powers. It may be also helpful for analyzing the perspectives of the resolution of this conflict as well as for finding the solutions which will be at least partly acceptable to the participants. The article compares the main features of the «old» and «new» cold wars according to the number of participants, the role of ideology, degree of military tensions, concentration of economic and other resources for the victory over the opponent. The article relies on a qualitative approach and does not resort to quantitative arguments. Although the new conflict differs from the old Cold War by many parameters, its nature has not changed from the nature of the conflict in the past.
This review explores the current status of entrepreneurship in Spain. The authors describe its main features: international activity expansion and increasing interest in environmental strategy. They analyse factors, underlying the structure of this phenomenon and their affect on companies’ activity: innovations, knowledge management, supply chain management and leadership.
An analysis of Asia-Pacific formats and initiatives of multilateral cooperation through the prism of global trends in 2014-2015 demonstrates decreasing significance of accelerated trade and investment liberalization along the Asia-Pacific track and rising interest to strengthening regional connectivity. A search for new opportunities to maintain high rates of economic growth and political stability make Asia-Pacific actors expand the connectivity framework upon the nascent Eurasian mega-region. This meets Russia’s interests in terms of expanding the spectrum of its foreign policy instruments in Asia-Pacific and integrating the Asia-Pacific and the Eurasian vectors of its foreign policy.
Today’s world is rapidly turning into
the arena of competition and cooperation among gigantic
economic blocks built on different normative bases. Such
blocks are being built because of economic advantages of
trade explained by isolationist theories, as well to be more
The article analyzes the policies of the Asia-Pacific regional leaders, which led to the establishment of a particular economic order in the region, as well as the process of transition to a new Sino-centric model of regional economy
The Paris Agreement on Climate Change reflects the consensus of the world community on transition to low-carbon development. Greenhouse gas emissions reduction is closely intertwined with various national objectives, such as strengthening energy security, technological development, and many others. Transition to low-carbon development is a new reality of world energy, which brings significant risks for those who stay away from these trends.
The experience of the well known world business schools in using MBA programs is analysed. Тhe history of MBA programs is presented on many American and European examples. American and British benchmarking in qualities and the content of training programs reflects the current level of business education in many countries of the world. Programs in Harvard School of Business, Ecoles Superior de Commerce, INSEAD and other prestigious schools of business are discribed.