«И увидел Бог свет, что он хорош»: Персонификации света в западноевропейской иконографии Сотворения мира (XI–XIII вв.): происхождение и трансформации
Iconography of Creation of the World of so-called “roman type” in 11th –13 th cent. Italy and in Northern Europe in many ways goes to lost frescoes of San Paolo Fuori le Mura (middle of 5th cent) and to several early-Christian traditions, including traditions of Genesis of Lord Cotton and Pentateuch of Ashburnham. By the example of iconographical changings of one detail of that pattern - personification of Light in the First day of Creation - the author outlines possible ways for restoring an appearance of the missing specimen and following iconographical borrowings from the earlier traditions. The article considers a question of sustainability for every part of “roman-type” composition – presence of glory radiance, its form and color, variations of attributes. The result of comparison of several images results in a conclusion about the mutual impact and replacement of two pairs of second-line elements in composition – the Light and Darkness and the Sun and Moon, being simultaneously being present in the so-called “roman-type” compositions.