Оценка эффективности системы здравоохранения в России
The purpose of the article is to assess the effectiveness of Russian health care system on the basis of modern analysis tools, in particular, the effective frontier modeling (SFA –Stochastic Frontier Analysis). SFA is the dependence of the average life expectancy on the result of expenditure in health care, the average number of years of study and health risk factors as explanatory variables. Currently, there is a significant difference between Russian madical care system and health maintenance in developed countries. The method used assumes the modelling of a health production function that allows to assess how the irrational use of resources affects various health indicators by evaluating the parameters of the health production function. The result of the function is average life expectancy indicator, which represents a linear dependence of a set of explanatory variables. The results of the data collected from 11 countries for the period from 2000 to 2013 show the direct dependence between average life expectancy and income inequality measured by Ginny coefficient, and the reverse relationship between dependent variable and income per capita and the share of public expenditure on health in the total expenditure. In conclusion, based on the model recommendations for improving health care system in Russia have been developed. For example, the introduction of a system of population co-payment for a certain service liver; the creation of a unified system for the use of resources and management in the medical field; the development of public-private partnership in the health sector, the balance of financing medical expenses by the federal and regional budgets will contribute the effectiveness of the health care system.