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К вопросу об отражении перфекта на -ши в памятниках северо-западного региона

Скачедубова М. В.

It is well known that in modern Northwestern Russian dialects there is a grammatical category of -shi perfect which is used to express result. However, there is no common opinion about the time of its origin and its reflection in Old Russian manuscripts. In Novgorod I Chronicle and in Pskov I and III Chronicles, we have found constructions, which consist of the verb to be and the past participle and where the result semantics is obvious. Consequently, both in form and in meaning the use of these constructions correspond to what the dialect material shows. Apparently, they were base for the subsequent development of modern Northwestern perfect. The extremely small number of examples in texts indicates that these constructions originated in the sphere of syntax and only later were incorporated into morphology.