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Article

РЕЛИГИОЗНЫЙ ПОИСК И. Г. ФИХТЕ, ИЛИ О НЕУДАЧЕ В ОБОСНОВАНИИ МОРАЛЬНОЙ РЕЛИГИИ

Христианское чтение. 2016. № 5. С. 125-144.
Золотухин В. В.

The paper is devoted to the explanation of J. G. Fichte’s views on religion and “divine things” from 1798 to 1802. His intepretation of God as “moral governance of the world” caused misunderstanding of his philosophy by German intellectuals. Fichte was accused of being an atheist and felt himself forced to explain his thought in detail. Te great influence on Fichte’s position had F. H. Jacobi’s theist criticism. It seems that this criticism launched the intellectual “chemical” reaction which transmuted Fichte’s ethical sentimentalism into the religious, and the Kantian worldview into the mystical and metaphysical. Te author concludes that the two main causes of Fichte’s worldview change are 1) inner and outer difficulties of practising of personal moral religion which cannot give neither distinct philosophical and religious world outlook nor psychological support and 2) theoretical incompleteness of the main ideas of the Doctrine of Science and its theory of religion.