Миф об избранности ирландцев: от «Книги Захватов Ирландии» до Сильвестра О’Хэллорана
The author examines the evolution of the myth of chosenness of the Irish as one of the most crucial aspects of the Irish identity and analyses its content. The representation of the myth of chosennness in Lebor Gabála Érenn, the source which displaced other interpretations of the Irish past, is in the centre of his attention. Addressing the texts by Geoffrey Keating (1570-1644), Charles O’Conor(1710-1790), and Sylvester O’Halloran (1728-1807) who reinterpreted the myth of chosenness, he emphasises thatthe narrative of Lebor Gabála Érenn was transformed and adapted by each author. The author concludes that the myth of chosenness served different functions: it was a legitimizing myth of the forming Irish monarchy in the X-XII centuries, whereas it turned into an attribute of the discourse of particularity in the XVI-XVIII centuries. In the historical tradition described in the articles the Irish past was devoid of dichotomy: in fact, there was a fine line between the pagan and the Christian Irish past. The chosennes of the Irish was conceptualized in primordial cultural characteristics of the Irish community before they inhabited Ireland. They were represented as sacral community with inherent moral values.
The present volume is aimed at collecting and systematizing the unique experience of Ireland in an attempt to explain the phenomenon of the "Celtic Tiger", an exemplary illustration of the role of soft power as the leading power in the modern world.
The article deals with various historical narratives which can be used as a framework for the Russian-Polish relations during the long XIX century in contemporary historiography, first of all the Russian one. A special attention is paid to the Polish factor in the context of systematic elaboration of the history of Russian empire as well as the identities of the Russian-Polish frontier.
An emergence of China as a new center of power causes hot debates about its possible positive and negative impacts on the system of international relations. In an attempt to explain the present and predict what is awaiting the world in the future, the humankind traditionally refers to the history. Meanwhile, in the age of new media and a rapid development of technologies this branch of knowledge inevitably undergoes changes, for example, the role played by public history is gradually increasing. For China, which focuses on soft power and the country image in the international arena, this aspect is very important, although for many centuries there is already a quite special, different from Western worldviews, relation to the history in the Chinese society. Obviously, there is a need to explore and subject to comprehensive analysis a number of features that characterize a process of a formation of Chinese historical narratives.
The article is dedicate to the consept of sacral Irish ethnic identity actualized in “Leabhar Gabhala Erenn”. Having analyzed the myth of origins of the gaoidhil and its further evolution, the author concludes that that the idea of chosenness was that cultural resource which was reproduced several times by Irish intellectuals and which might have contributed to preservation of Irish community despite external pressure.
This article reviews the prevailing tendencies in the interpretation of the works by the figures of the Irish Enlightenment: Geoffrey Keating, John Lynch, Charles O’Conor, Sylvester O’Halloran, and Charles Vallancey. The researchers of the works of the aforementioned authors can be divided into two groups depending on the angle of their approach to the issues: those who looked into ethnic discourses (first approach) and those who looked into ethnic groups (second approach) in the XVII—XVIII centuries. As a result of the review of contemporary historiography, Ireland is represented as a network of various discourses which are still to be reconsidered in their full diversity.
The paper examines the main features of Roman-Irish relationship through the prism of military conflicts. Latin sources of the second half of the 4th century mention two groups of Irish raiders: skotti and attacotti. Both groups are difficult to identify, however it is proposed, based on the account of Ammianus Marcellinus, to distinguish them by the logic of forming (respectively, social and clan-based) and goals of military actvity (plundering and serch for new territory to settle). This assumtion is confirmed by later accounts of the sources.
The article follows the changing images of Jan Hus und the Hussites in Rusian Empire, the Soviet Union and postsoviet Russs