«И все что образует пустоту»: деструкция словесной формы в поэзии Генриха Сапгира
Based on Genrikh Sapgir’s poetry, including some previously unpublished texts, the article studies different forms of destruction of the word structure, from the “half-worded poetry” and “blank” texts to the replacement of absent or destructed text with “word equivalents”. We can sum up that Sapgir’s poetry falls somewhere in between the new- and the post-avant-garde of the second half of the 20-th century. Since he has always worked on the potential of the “poetry of emptiness”, he takes equal distance from the avant-garde purpose to reach the “zero art” through its systematic destruction, and from the conceptualism’s aesthetics with its “empty canon”.
This article analyses the later G. Sapgir’s work – his novel “Armageddon”. Apocalyptic problematic of work is polemically sharpened against the eschatology "historical avant-garde" of the first third of the 20th century and the eschatological expectations "nuclear war" of the late Soviet time. It rather takes the form of reflection on "finalistic" culture concept, which is inherent in the postmodern era with its critique of the concepts of "authorship", “aesthetic novelty" and "authenticity". Author equally skeptical to the idea of sacralised play of "classical canon" (which was parodied in the plot arrangements in verse one of the characters of Dostoyevsky's novel "Demons") and to the idea of semantic emasculation of pretext in postmodern game means. The era of "the end, maybe, 80th" is interpreted as a crisis, and as a landmark, covering the whole epoch rather than opening entirely new opportunities and ways of artistic innovation. However, one of the possible new forms becomes the novel by the poet, paradoxically based on skepticism towards available artistic forms of modernity
The purpose of this article is to investigate theories that have produced differences in entrepreneurship definitions. We raise this issue because equitable wealth distribution is a fundamental focus of economics. Yet, recent attempts to guide research on entrepreneurship embrace innovation while ignoring the wealth redistribution aspect of entrepreneurship. Schumpeter argues that entrepreneurship means innovation by independently owned start-up firms that cause creative destruction that yields equitable wealth redistribution. Currently, most entrepreneurship scholars focus on innovation, by any firm, as a source of wealth creation without recognizing that redistribution only occurs when innovation originates in new, independently owned firms. In this article, we describe how new micro- and nano-technologies championed by high-tech start-ups redefined the electronics industry, deconstructed the mainframe computer industry and are redefining the pharmaceutical industry today. We suggest entrepreneurship research should focus more on entrepreneurs that form and operate independent new firms.
The article is concerned with the analysis of metapoetic statements of Genrikh Sapgir that were made by him in poetic form – in the shape of «programmatic» poems. In his work, the poet preferred to dispense with creative manifestos or forewords: there is extremely small number of them in Sapgir’s heritage. But at the same time he looked for ways to give a key to the meaning of his poetical quests and experiments, using his poetry, comprising of a new design concept: «poetics of semi-word» or particular method of «permutation».
The article discusses the views of Daron Acemoglu and James Robinson on the causes of global gaps in well-being , the nature of development and underdevelopment. The work identifies the most fundamental moments in their interpretation of historical events, especially their use of the institutional approach to the explanation of human history. It is underlined that Acemoglu and Robinson assign the key role to the division of institutions into extractive and inclusive one, the close relationship of political and economic institutions that is responsible for creating the vicious circle in the case of the extractive, and the virtuous circle in the case of their inclusive nature. It is noted that the authors emphasize the random type of historical development in connection with the accidental occurrence of critical junctures causing institutional shifts. The attention is drawn to the fact that they bind the long-term sus-tainable economic growth with the presence of inclusive political institutions (democracy) and on this basis do not see any prospects for China to become a global leader.
The paper is focused on the study of reaction of italian literature critics on the publication of the Boris Pasternak's novel "Doctor Jivago". The analysys of the book ""Doctor Jivago", Pasternak, 1958, Italy" (published in Russian language in "Reka vremen", 2012, in Moscow) is given. The papers of italian writers, critics and historians of literature, who reacted immediately upon the publication of the novel (A. Moravia, I. Calvino, F.Fortini, C. Cassola, C. Salinari ecc.) are studied and analised.
In the article the patterns of the realization of emotional utterances in dialogic and monologic speech are described. The author pays special attention to the characteristic features of the speech of a speaker feeling psychic tension and to the compositional-pragmatic peculiarities of dialogic and monologic text.